World Exonumia - AAA Historical Americana - Franklin Mint.

Do YOU collect EXONUMIA? Mail Bid Sales - Bought - Sold - Traded - Appraised.

Exonumia: Tokens and Medals, Badges and Ribbons, Plaques and more, including World's Fair items and Political Americana, Fraternal and Collectibles, etc.

If YOU collect, we can help! Select from our 600,000 items in stock. Material is available in our quality mail bid sales or at fixed prices.


THIS IS A FULL LIST of all items in Mail Bid Sale #10

PART I: Lots 101-764 Hard Rubber, Relic, Shell Cards, Wood, Box, Countermarks (H.T.T.)


FREE LISTINGS! Yes, You can receive totally FREE listings of all items matching your specific interests. Just write or e-mail me at hartzog@exonumia.com with your specific topics or any specific phrase or city/cities/states. . The closing date for this mail/phone/internet mail bid sale was 29 JUNE 1999.

FREE MAIL BID SALE CATALOGS! Yes, we offer totally FREE printed catalogs to buyers (yes, there is a catch!). Our sale #10 featured a massive collection of 400+ Countermarked coins, plus 2600+ other lots of Historical Americana, world collectibles, World's Fair items, more! Over $170,000 worth of fine quality items, virtually all without minimum bids or reserves. This entire catalog is available on-line NOW or via USPO mail. We DO REDUCE bids. All bids are subject to full rules.

All lots shown below have the CROSS-REFERENCES listed first (these do not show up in the printed catalog). There is NO BUYER'S Fee. Postage and shipping are extra. If you have any questions, please e-mail me. Due to this subset of the full sale, abbreviations are not always obvious, and are explained in the full catalog, or in ABBR.


X-REF: Hard Rubber Tokens S-MA Paint/Enamel & related * Image-1 * --

101. MA Boston: Valentine & Co, ca. 1860. Black Hard Rubber, 32 Kilby Street; Manufacturers of Coach Varnishes, 32mm. AU.

$30.00-35.00+


X-REF: Hard Rubber Tokens Masonic: Badges Ribbons S-MA Knights Templar * Image-1 * --

102. MA Melrose Masonic Hard Rubber Badge. Deep RED Hard Rubber Badge, uniface, for the Hugh DePayens Commandery K.T., with black top ribbon. XF.

$125.00-150.00+


X-REF: Knights Templar S-MA Hard Rubber Tokens Sewing Machine * Image-1 * --

103. MA Orange: Hard Rubber Masonic Badge - Sewing Machine. Orange Commandery K.T. No. 45, for 1895 Boston Triennial Conclave, with a New Home Sewing Machine pictured on lower badge (in center of Knights Templar cross). Top and bottom light tan Hard Rubber, black ribbon between, uniface, 4" tall. AU.

$125.00-150.00+


X-REF: Hard Rubber Tokens S-NY * Image-1 * --

104. NY Valentine & Co, ca. 1882. See Rulau NY-350, but in Black Hard Rubber, 35mm. Choice Unc.

$35.00-45.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Religious/Theology/Church/Bible S-MA * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

105. MA Old North Church, ca. 1722. Boston, MA. Made from the Pipes of the Old Organ. Pewter, 30mm. Lightly toned VF. Rulau Boston 70.

$40.00-50.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Religious/Theology/Church/Bible England-Great Britain Hand-Engraved Tokens * Image-1 * --

106. Great Britain Cathedral of York, 1840. Fully hand inscribed medal: "Oak & Bell Metal of York Minster burnt May 20, 1840", center devices. Uniface, Bell-metal, 34mm. XF.

$150.00-200.00+

Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Religious/Theology/Church/Bible Germany * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

107. Hamburg Burning of St. Nicolai Church Medal, 1842. Obv view of old St Peters church, built in 1238, first destroyed in 1657. Rev ruin of rebuilt church, destroyed during fire on May 5, 1842; by Wilkens. Incuse legend on edge: Made of copper of church tower. Gaedechens III, 2081. Wurzbach 3534. Forrer V/504. Copper, 1.75"/44mm. Choice Brown AU+, nice!

$110.00-125.00+


X-REF: Monitor/Merrimac Made-from or Relic * Image-1 * --

108. The First Ironclad, 1863. "Made From the Armourplate of the Merrimac"; ship & date. HOWEVER, appears to be plastic! 23mm. XF. Assumed to be modern!

$15.00-20.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Prison Wood Medals - Checkers (not money) * Image-1 * --

109. Libby Prison Floor, 1865. Block of wood, with printed paper label: "This piece of wood is a part of the original floor of Libby Prison Building. JWS Ranson (? signature) Manager", all on red border label, on wood, 2.75x2.25". About VF, some minor flakes on label. Scarce.

$125.00-175.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic S-IL

110. N.W. Show Case Mf'g Co. Medal, 1871. Nickel from the ruins of the company in the Great Fire, Chicago, show case pictured. Nickel, 24mm. XF

$10.00-15.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Watch Fobs * Image-1 * --

111. Minnesota Department Badge - Watch Fob, ca. 1889. Watch Fob/badge, with MN state seal of man plowing, star, etc. obv. Rev inscription, Made of MN copper, adopted 1889. Does not state what Department this is! Copper, 34mm, top bigger, top loop, top black ribbon and attachment. XF.

$30.00-35.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic England-Great Britain * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

112. First Lot of British Aluminum Medal, 1896. Obv partially nude female, seated with torch, surrounded by devices to smelt AL. Rev Cargan, Larne, Foyers, Milton, June 1896, inscr. AL, 38mm. Choice AU.

$40.00-50.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Ship/Sailing/Steamship/Nautical * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

113. Lord Nelson Flagship Medal, 1897. Obv Nelson in hat, inscr; rev sailing ship, Struck from Copper of Vessel. Copper, 38mm. Choice, glossy red/brown XF, slightly mottled surface.

$35.00-45.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Ship/Sailing/Steamship/Nautical

114. Dewey's Flagship Propeller Medal, 1898. Obv the U.S.S. Olympia, "You May Fire When You Are Ready, Gridley"; rev inscr. Bronze, 32mm. AU.

$20.00-25.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic S-IL Lincoln, Abraham Military Veterans: G.A.R.

115. IL Chicago G.A.R. Encampment School Souvenir Badge, 1900. Lincoln, Grant & Logan, on center Alum., Made from Captured Confederate Cannons. Bronze & AL two part badge. Choice XF+.

$50.00-65.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Ship/Sailing/Steamship/Nautical Spoons: Souvenier & Other Prison * Image-1 * --

116. Convict Ship Success Spoon. Original Copper Taken From the ship, built 1790, ship and text in bowl. Copper. XF.

$30.00-40.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Ship/Sailing/Steamship/Nautical England-Great Britain Canada: General

117. HMS Victory Ship Medal, 1905. Obv 3-masted sailing ship; rev "From BFSS Nelson Centenary Containing Victory Copper E.H. VII." Copper, 17mm, top loop. XF

$20.00-25.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic S-CT Bridge/Highway * Image-1 * --

118. CT Hartford Bridge Badge, 1908. Two part badge, top part imitates the bridge, with stone attached, "Chip from Stone in the Bridge", CT. Gilt petwer, 2.25". Choice XF.

$60.00-75.00+

Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Norway Religious/Theology/Church/Bible

119. Nes, Norway: Burning of Main Church Medal, ca. 1910. By Ivar Throndsen, engr. Obv view of Main Church before it was destroyed by fire. Rev view of ruins where melted bells were dug up and used for medals. Bell-metal, 31mm. Choice XF+. Struck ca. 1910. Storen & Holst #361 or 362.

$65.00-75.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Ship/Sailing/Steamship/Nautical

120. Old Ironsides Medal, 1930. Sailing ship obv, dates below, rev inscr. Copper, 32mm. GEM BU.

$20.00-25.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Ship/Sailing/Steamship/Nautical * Image-1 * --

121. Old Ironsides ASH-TRAY, ca. 1925. Large 6" ash-tray, with replica of Old Ironsides medal center, ship, inscr. "Material Taken From". Originally sold in 1925 to raise money to restore the ship, and described in advertisements as: "Ash Tray, Cast from copper sheathing taken from the Constitution. 1 in. deep, 4 1/2 in. diameter. Price $5.00". Quite expensive for 1925, so probably only a few of these were made! Nice XF.

$150.00-200.00+

See Antique Week, May 18, 1998 for long article.


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Railroad/Train/Locomotive

122. Union Pacific Medal, 1934. Streamlined train obv, date, Lucky Piece; rev Sample of the Aluminum used in making the train. AL, 32mm. AU.


X-REF: Made-from or Relic

123. Union Pacific Undated Medal. As above, but no date. AU.


X-REF: Made-from or Relic S-IL 1892 Columbian Expo Jewelers Ferris Wheel * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

124. IL C.D. Peacock Chicago Jewelers 100th Anniv. Medal, 1937. Obv busts of Peacocks, rev. 1893 Ferris Wheel, Fort Dearborn, bit of steel from safe, survivor of 1871 Chicago Fire. Copper, 32mm. Choice AU.

$15.00-20.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic S-IL 1892 Columbian Expo Jewelers Ferris Wheel

125. IL C.D. Peacock Centennial Medal, 1937. As above, but large 3" size. AU, a bit mottled surface.

$75.00-90.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Ford, Henry Automobile/Automotive Ontario Kings/Queens of ENGLAND

126. Ford Motor Company Canada Medal, 1937. Obv busts of King/Queen, rev Windsor, Ont. Canadian copper used in 1937 Ford V8. Copper, 33mm. Choice XF.

$20.00-25.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic S-MT Radio Good Luck

127. MT KGIR Radio, Montana Token, 1939. The Voice of Montana, Ten Years of Service, Montana Copper; Good Luck Token. CU, 33mm. XF.


X-REF: Railroad/Train/Locomotive Made-from or Relic Bridge/Highway

128. Golden Gate Internation Expo - Union Pacific, 1939. View of the San Francisco Golden Gate bridge; rev two trains, "Aluminum in These Famous Trains Furnished by Aluminum Company". AL, 32mm; AU.


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Good Luck Railroad/Train/Locomotive

129. Union Pacific Railroad Token, 1940. Train obv & rev, Lucky Piece, Road of the Streamliners, etc., as above. AL, 32mm. AU.


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Ship/Sailing/Steamship/Nautical Airplane

130. SD U.S.S. South Dakota Battleship "X" Medal, 1942. Ship, attacking plane, inscr. Coined in part from. Bronze, 39mm. Choice AU.

$10.00-15.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Award (other than listed) Military: World War II

131. Victory Liberty Loan, ca. 1943. Made from Captured German Cannon, US Treasury award medal. Cannon, 31mm, top hole as made. XF, minor rust.


X-REF: Made-from or Relic British Columbia

132. Aluminum Company of America Dedication Medal, 1950. Rod, Wire and Cable Mill, Vancouver B.C. Works. Obv pioneer with reel of cable. AL, 32mm. Unc. Does not specifically state "made-from".

$10.00-15.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic S-IL Germany Ship/Sailing/Steamship/Nautical Submarine * Image-1 * --

133. Captured Nazi Submarine U-505 Dedication Medal, 1954. A Memorial to Gallant Americans Who Went Down at Sea, sub, September, 1954, Chicago, IL. This captured Nazi sub is now on display at the Chicago Museum of Science & Industry. Reportedly made from the Pig-Iron ballast, only 550 made. Uniface, deep relief, 3.5", coaster rev. XF+.

$90.00-100.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Ship/Sailing/Steamship/Nautical S-VA

134. USS Enterprise Elevator Plaque, 1956. Brass plaque on Aluminum "From an elevator that raised planes to the flight deck". Built by Newport News, VA Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., all on wood base, 4.5x3.5". Unc.

$25.00-35.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Mining/Metallurgy/Mineralogy Canada Trade Tokens * Image-1 * --

135. Cominco Tadanac Zinc Medal, 1956. Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co of Canada, 1906-1956. Zinc, 36mm. AU.

$10.00-15.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Ship/Sailing/Steamship/Nautical Naval/military

136. S.S. Frigate Constellation (1797), ca. 1960. "This coin struck from parts..", struck from copper spikes used in the original construction. First Ship of the US Navy. Copper, 32mm. XF. Also good for lifetime admission.

$10.00-15.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Manitoba * Image-1 * --

137. First Nickel Production Medal, 1961. Inco-Thompson, Manitoba. Obv scribe divides medal in three, with smelter, elk & trees. By D. Pedery-Hunt. Nickel, 3", with original leather presentation case, Medallic Art Co. Unc.

$50.00-65.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic

138. National Nickel Co Dedication, 1964. Obv bust of Paul D Merica, rev bldgs. On holder: 95% nickel, 5% silicon, Permalloy Core. Reeded edge, 25mm. Unc.


X-REF: Made-from or Relic S-SC Military: Non-Trade Tokens Military: Civil War related

139. Fort Sumter Confederate War Centennial Medal, 1965. Flags, 1961-1965 legend obv, rev simple outline of fort, Contains actual metal recovered at the fort. Pot-metal, 31mm. VF/XF, but rough surface as made, some legends hard to read.

$10.00-12.50+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Canada: General

140. Sherritt Mint Nickel Coinage Souvenir, ca. 1971. The Nickel Story, with nickel blank, Sherritt Mint token, Canadian 1971 nickel and partial coinage strip, all in booklet. XF, minor folds.

$10.00-15.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic S-GA

141. Southwire Company First Refined Copper, 1971. Carrollton, GA. CU, 25mm. XF.


X-REF: Made-from or Relic S-AZ Mining/Metallurgy/Mineralogy * Image-1 * --

142. AZ Arizona Mining Association. Obv historical faces over AZ map; AZ Copper. CU, 28mm. XF.


X-REF: Made-from or Relic S-MI Mining/Metallurgy/Mineralogy * Image-1 * --

143. Arcadian Copper Mine Medal. Ripley-Hancock, MI, miner w/drill; rev map of Copper Country, MI. CU, 34mm. Does not say "made-from". Unc.


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Paint/Enamel & related

144. National Lead Company. Full-length deep relief seated figure of Dutch boy holding paint brush in hand (Dutch Boy Paints trademark). "National Lead Company/Solder/Dutch Boy 888". Before the advent of electric soldering guns, solder was sold in this form to be melted by blowtorch! Uniface, 48mm double-thick solder medal, XF/AU.

$20.00-30.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Australia S-MI

145. Australian Silver Tag. Peoples Mgf. Co. Sample of Australian Silver, Detroit Mich., all on uniface tag, top hole, ca. 18x25mm. VF.


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Coin Spoon Boliva

146. Bolivia Coin Spoon. Small 4+" silver spoon, handle ends in figure of Llama with pack. Bowl made from 1884 20 centavo (KM-159.1). XF+.

$20.00-30.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Religious/Theology/Church/Bible Papal/Vatican/Pope

147. Rome Paul VI Catacombs Relic Medal. Obv bust of Pope Paul VI; "Terra Catacombe Roma", center plastic cover over a red artifact from the Catacombs. N-S, 16mm, top loop. VF.

$25.00-35.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Prison Masonic: Other (Glass, Souvenirs, etc.) S-KS

148. KS Penitentiary Coal Mine Slate. Small 2.5x2x1.75" block, inscribed "This Slate was taken from the Kansas State Penitentiary Coal Mine; Depth of Shaft 716 ft." With Masonic square & compass on end. Apparently something was mounted on top, now missing; 2 holes. Unusual. About VF, minor chips.

$25.00-30.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic Bridge/Highway Germany Military: Non-Trade Tokens * Image-1 * --

149. Remagen, Germany Bridge Souvenir. Piece of pillarstone of Ludendorff Bridge, which spanned the Rhine River, encased in lucite, with drawing of bridge. Here the US Army crossed the Rhine in its final push against the Third Reich. Scroll with information pulls out of lucite. About 3.75x2.5x1.5". XF, bottom corner chip on the reverse.

$20.00-30.00+


X-REF: Coin Objects, made from coins British Honduras Made-from or Relic

150. Coin Stickpin & Coin Pin. Lot of 2: US Seated Quarter, 1877, rev showing, on stickpin. Set of 4 British Honduras coins: two 1/4 real, two 5 cent, ca. 1899, side-by-side on pin (high catalog value!). 2pcs, 5 coins.

$20.00-30.00+


X-REF: Made-from or Relic

151. Relic Lot of 5 Pieces. Includes CD Peacock medal; Bay City, MI 1903 dedication medal, worn; 3 Victory Liberty Loan tokens (made from captured cannons). Ave. VF. 5pcs.

$15.00-20.00+


X-REF: Shell Cards Sports Medals & Badges Circus, Shows & Parks * Image-1 * --

152. Older's Museum Circus SHELL-CARD, ca. 1870. Choice US $20 Liberty Gold replica rev, dated 1870. Obv "Older's Museum Circus and Menagerie - Coming/The Cretan Beauty M'lle Sanyeah Lady Gymnast", scantily clad female center with stool. CHOICE XF/AU, minor toning lower right at rim, otherwise Nice! A rare and desirable CIRCUS shell card, one of the earliest circus items.

$200.00-300.00+


X-REF: Shell Cards S-MI College/University (not award)

153. MI Kalamazoo College: The Children's Professorship, 1866. Obv view of College, rev inscr. Shell-card, metal both sides, top loop as made, 25mm. Nicely toned XF.

$35.00-45.00+


X-REF: Shell Cards S-NY * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

154. NY Buffalo: J.C. Barnes & Co, 1868. Dry Goods and Carpets, 205 Main St. Rev Liberty US $20 gold replica. Metal both sides, 34mm. Bright XF, tiny hole at "D" of Dry, plugged both sides.

$75.00-90.00+

Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: Shell Cards S-NY Dental/teeth * Image-1 * --

155. NY New York: Colgate & Co. Toilet Soaps. Patent 1868, ornate device center; rev mirror, pin-cushion edge. Brass, 39mm, mirror cracked. About VF, minor edge damage, scr.

$50.00-65.00+


X-REF: Shell Cards S-NY 1876 Centennial Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

156. NY New York: Howe Improved Scales, 1876. Centennial Weight (used at 1876 Centennial Expo), "147" written in blank for lbs. Blue cardboard, rev Seated Liberty, 37mm. About VF.

$150.00-200.00+

See "Howe's Improved" countermarked Large Cent, the only known specimen. lot 442. Howe manufactured its scales in Brandon, VT.


X-REF: Shell Cards S-NY Wine/Whiskey/Spirts other than beer Eagle (bird, not FOE) * Image-1 * --

157. NY Udolpho Wolfe, 1868. Sole Proprietor Schiedam Schnappes, eagle. Rev imitation US $20 Liberty. Brass both sides, 34mm. VF/XF, some dings on rev.

$50.00-65.00+


X-REF: Shell Cards S-NY * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

158. NY New York: Vichy Mineral Waters. Eisner and Mendelson, sole agents, NY. Yellow cardboard obv; rev "Watering Establishment of Vichy" brass shell, etc., 39mm. Nice XF.

$50.00-65.00+


X-REF: Shell Cards S-NY Portugal * Image-1 * --

159. NY New York: Paalo Cervantes. Uniface shell, bearded bust left, "Lisbon-New York". Brass, on wide flan, thicker than usual shell card, 43mm. XF.

$20.00-40.00+


X-REF: Shell Cards Wanamaker Napoleon * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

160. PA Wanamaker 33rd Anniversary, 1909. Originator, 1876-1909, wreath. Rev bust right of Napoleon. Brass both sides, 38mm. Bright XF, minor spotting.

$75.00-100.00+


X-REF: Shell Cards Spiel Marke

161. One Dol Eagle. Obv eagle, "United States of America, One Dol." Uniface, tin, 35mm. Spiel-marke? Toned XF.

$20.00-40.00+


X-REF: Shell Cards England-Great Britain Kings/Queens of ENGLAND

162. England: Edward VII Crowned, 1902. Obv crowned bust right, inscr., rev 12 line legend, wreath. Brass both sides, 38mm, top hole as made. Nicely toned XF.

$40.00-50.00+


X-REF: Shell Cards France Bawdy House/Whore House (not flippers)

163. France: Aux Glaces Bordello Token, ca. 1890. 25 R. Ste Apolline, Paris. Rev winged nude standing Liberty, Monnaie de Singe. Brass both sides, 22mm. About XF, but dark stains.

$65.00-85.00+


X-REF: Shell Cards Bawdy House/Whore House (not flippers) France * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

164. France: Cartaux Bordello Token, 1895. 20 Francs, Cartaux Paris, wreath. Rev as above. Brass both sides, 22mm. About XF, minor edge dings.

$65.00-85.00+


X-REF: Shell Cards France Bawdy House/Whore House (not flippers) * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

165. France: 100 Francs Bordello Token, 1897. Obv winged nude Liberty with plaque, Republique Francaise; rev Liberte Egalite Fraternite, Cartaux Paris. Brass both sides, 38mm. Toned VF+, rev a bit uneven.

$65.00-80.00+


X-REF: Shell Cards Greece Hotel/Motel Nudes/Human figures * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

166. Greece: Athens: Hotel LaGrande Bretagne Shell Card, 1900. Nude bust left obv, inscr; E. Lampsa, inscr rev. Brass 38mm shell; mostly bright XF, minor toned areas at rim, one tiny ding on rim.

$65.00-75.00+


X-REF: Shell Cards Italy

167. Italy: Torino Shell Card. Dollar sized thin copper shell, with folding b/w pictures inside. Dancing bull on shield, crowned, with wreath around. Rev missing, some pictures separated.

$15.00-30.00+


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) S-IL

168. IL Oak Park Coin Club Mixed Lot of Woods. Nicer lot of rounds, 1971-85, 17pcs, duplication.


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) S-IN

169. IN Hammond Centennial Flat, 1951. 2 Wooden Nickels, series M. XF


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) S-ME

170. ME Vinalhaven Sesqui-Centennial, 1939. Set of 2: 1&2 wood flats. XF.


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) S-NM

171. NM Albuquerque's 250th Anniversary Set, 1956. Set of 12 rounds, with original display board, cello stapled over woods, torn. Woods XF.


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) S-NY

172. NY Fredonia Grape Festival Flat, 1941. 1 wooden nickel flat, Series A, XF.


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) S-NY Anniversary/Centennial/etc.

173. NY Johnson City 60th Anniversary Flat, 1952. 1 wooden nickel, series 1892-J, XF.


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) S-OH

174. OH Treaty of Greenville, 1945. Set of 6 large rounds, different colors, devices.


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) S-OH Anniversary/Centennial/etc.

175. OH Norwood 50th Anniversary Flat, 1938. 5: Wood flat, block serial number, XF.


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) S-PA Anniversary/Centennial/etc.

176. PA Charleroi 50th Anniversary Flat, 1940. 1 wooden nickel flat, blue, XF.


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) Fire Department/Firefighters S-PA Lincoln, Abraham Anniversary/Centennial/etc. * Image-1 * --

177. PA Donora 40th Anniversary Flat Set, 1941. Set of 4, Abraham Lincoln; Donora Zinc Works; Fireman's Convention, flats, XF.


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) Anniversary/Centennial/etc. S-PA

178. PA Uniontown Sesquicentennial Flat, 1946. 1 wooden nickel flat, blue, XF.


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) S-PA Anniversary/Centennial/etc.

179. PA West Newton Sesquicentennial Flat, 1938. 1 wooden nickel flat, red, XF.


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) S-WI Anniversary/Centennial/etc.

180. WI Sturgeon Bay Door Co. Centennial Flat, 1948. 1 wooden nickel flat, 1 in round circle, XF.


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.)

181. Lot of 44+ Wood FLATS. Nice lot of apparently all different ca. 1930-45 wood flats, various sizes, states, denominations, etc. Nice old collection, about XF-Unc.

$50.00-65.00+


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) Coin Club/Numismatic Organizations: US

182. Numismatic News PLATE Lot of Wooden Nickels. A nice lot of woods sent to Numismatic News for publicity purposes by various organizations. Photographed and listed in NN. Obviously now it would be impossible to obtain all of these, as many are sold out. Consists of 23 regular and large woods, all dated 1992 or earlier, some duplication. About Unc.

$10.00-15.00+


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) Coin Club/Numismatic Organizations: US

183. Numismatic News PLATE Wood Lot. As above, but 49 woods from 1993, includes regular, large and thin-large woods, all about Unc., some duplication.

$15.00-20.00+


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) Coin Club/Numismatic Organizations: US

184. Numismatic News PLATE Wood Lot. As above, but 30 woods from 1994, regular and large size, about Unc., some duplication.

$10.00-15.00+


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.)

185. "Good-For" Wooden Nickel Lot. Nicer lot of 37 woods, all "Good-For" something (other than the implied nickel), with specific denomination or item. Includes 5 SAMBO woods. About XF, a couple poorer, minor duplication. From a collector.

$20.00-25.00+


X-REF: S-NY Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) Anniversary/Centennial/etc.

186. Centennial/BiCentennial Wood Lot. Nice lot of 29 mixed centennial, etc. wooden nickels, about XF, a couple poorer, minor duplication. Older lot, from a collector.

$15.00-20.00+


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.)

187. Mixed Bulk Lot of Woods. Interesting lot of 60 wooden nickels, various topics, about XF, some poorer, duplication, older dates, from a collector. Includes ZENO gum wooden checker, damaged.

$20.00-30.00+


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) Coin Club/Numismatic Organizations: US Coin Dealer & related

188. Coin Clubs and Coin Organizations Bulk Wood Lot. Nice lot of 116 wood nickels, dollars, 2 plastic-woods, all about XF, a few poorer, from mostly mid-western coin clubs, organizations, 9 from coin dealers, etc. Some duplication, various ages, ca. 1970's to date.

$50.00-65.00+


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) Political: Medals/Tokens: Post-1900

189. Political Wood Lot. Nice lot of 19 different political woods, mostly locals, one for Reagan, all about XF.

$10.00-15.00+


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) Bulk Lot/Quantity/Resale

190. GIANT Lot of 70 POUNDS of Wooden Nickels. Massive hoard of well over 10,000 mixed woods, includes duplication, errors (off-center, double struck, etc.), overruns, etc., from various issuers, etc. Super dealer or serious collector lot. About 10,000-11,000 (or more!) pieces (sorry, I didn't count them!). Over 70 pounds, some will arrive broken, duplication. Instant dealer stock!

(MB $475.00) $500.00-600.00+


X-REF: Wood Medals - Checkers (not money) Stoves/Ranges/Heaters * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

191. Acorn Stoves Wood Checker, ca. 1890. On acorn; rev Rathbone, Sard & Co. around. Thick wood, 1" wide; About XF.

$20.00-25.00+


X-REF: Wooden Money (nickels, flats, etc.) Gum/Chewing Gum

192. Zeno Gum Wood Checker, ca. 1890. Chew Zeno Gum; Zeno Means Good Chewing Gum. All on thick wood checker, 28mm.

$15.00-20.00+


X-REF: Wood Medals - Checkers (not money) Wine/Whiskey/Spirts other than beer

193. Wood Checker Salesmen Samples Collection, ca. 1934. Great group of 16 different liquor and wine related wood checkers, all with rev patent number, dated to 1934. Includes brands such as Old Taylor, Schenley, Old Grand-Dad, etc. Various colors, some plain, about 1" dia. 16 different, all with reeded edges, Mint condition. Interesting lot!

$200.00-250.00+

Also see next 2 lots.


X-REF: Root Beer Wood Medals - Checkers (not money) * Image-1 * --

194. Silver Cup Draft Root Beer Wood Checker, ca. 1934. Saleman's sample red & white wood checker, with patent date on rev. Mint.

$20.00-25.00+

Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: Wood Medals - Checkers (not money)

195. Wood Checker: "Purina". Small 20mm blond wood checker, with "Purina", devices above/below, beaded border, uniface; XF.


X-REF: Made-from or Relic

196. Frying Pan Cent & Double Cent. Lot of 2: 1939 Lincoln cent pressed out into shape of a frying pan, with neat handle, Unc. Plus 1967 & 1968 cents put together to make double cents, each at right angles to each other, XF.

$10.00-20.00+


X-REF: Box Coins - Box Dollars

197. Jefferson BOX Nickel. Nice two-part BOX coin, 1944-S silver Jefferson nickel, rev fits inside obv, both sides with rims. Unusual. About VF.

$20.00-30.00+


X-REF: Box Coins - Box Dollars Trade Dollars: US

198. US Trade BOX Dollar. 1877-S US Trade Dollar, made into box, with hinged rev and inner hollow area. Also known as an opium dollar. About VG, but minor damage/scratches at hinge area.

$125.00-150.00+


X-REF: Box Coins - Box Dollars

199. Eisenhower Dollar Cigarette Lighter. Very close replica of obv/rev of 1972 Ike Dollar, 1/4" thick, with flip top lighter and filler. Gold-colored, "Waco", made in Japan, about XF.

$30.00-45.00+


X-REF: Wilson, Woodrow Knife Box Coins - Box Dollars * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

200. Woodrow Wilson Medal/Pocket Knife, ca. 1916. Nice round medal, bust obv; rev White house, double knife & file folds out. Hake III:3016. N-S; XF.

$60.00-70.00+

Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: Bulk Lot/Quantity/Resale Coin Jewelry

201. Cut Out Coin Jewelry Lot. Finely hand-cut from actual coins: lot of 4 sets: Buffalo Heads and Tails tietacks; pair of Buffalo Head cufflinks; pair Mercury dime earrings, polished flat, otherwise about VF.

$25.00-30.00+


X-REF: Box Coins - Box Dollars Austria

202. Austria Coin Stack, 1959. Rev of 19mm Austrian copper coin on top of copper rings, so it appears to be a stack of coins. No bottom, so date is visible. Worn Good.

$15.00-30.00+


X-REF: Box Coins - Box Dollars England-Great Britain

203. England Photo Coin, 1942. Center of reverse of silver 2 shilling hollowed out, and photo of two persons, covered with glass. About VF.

$15.00-25.00+


X-REF: Brazil Made-from or Relic Coin Jewelry

204. Brazil: Coin Cuff-links. Pair of cuff-links made from 500 Reis silver coins, 1856 & 1868, each with silver closed-fist hands for shirt-stops.

$20.00-25.00+


X-REF: Mexico Coin Jewelry

205. Mexican Lot: Braclets and Cut-Out Coin Jewelry. Two braclets, with 20 1-centavos 1952; 1962, one broken; plus 5 ca. 1875 coins cut-out, each with eagle, letters and rim remaining. 5-10-50 centavos, SILVER. 7 items.

$25.00-35.00+


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Books/Literature on Tokens/Medals

301. Early Manuscript copy of Brunk. An interesting and early "A Preliminary Listing of Merchant Advertising Countermarks", by Brunk, December 1977, revised Feb. 1978. 17 pages photocopied 8.5x11", corner stapled, lists known c/m, with charts, graphs, etc. Scarce.

$25.00-50.00+


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

302. Manuscript of "Countermarked Coins of the United States and Canada". Copyright 1985. Two volumes, photocopied 8.5x11", plastic comb binding, blue covers. Marked "Rich" on cover, intended for corrections, but none noted. One of only a few copies made.

$25.00-50.00+


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

303. Manuscript of "American and Canadian Countermarked Coins". One volume, plastic comb binding, 8.5x11", red cover. Marked on title page, "Proofed 12/85 thru 2/16/86", by Hartzog. Extensive corrections to original ms. One of only a few copies made.

$25.00-50.00+


X-REF: Books/Literature on Tokens/Medals Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

304. "Merchant Countermarks on World Coins", Brunk. The original softbound edition, 1989. Lots of photographs, 157 pages, price guide, etc.

(MB $20.00) $30.00-35.00+


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

310. "A & T". Bold VF c/m; on choice brown 1850 VF/XF Half Cent. 11 known.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Hard Times Tokens 1833-44

311. "AU" on Hard Times Token. Nice VF c/m on XF/AU Merchants Exchange HTT, some luster. 3 known on HTT.

Brunk Plate. This is a genuinely odd c/m, as it is found on colonial coins, large cents, Hard Times and Civil War Tokens! The HTT alone is worth some $75.


X-REF: S-NY Agricultural Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

312. (NY): "Albany". Brunk suggests: Albany Agricultural Works, Albany, NY. Large, bold XF c/m on AG/G Potosi-mint two real, gilt AFTER c/m, holed at top. A most unusual piece gilted after countermarking. The only known example of a gilt c/m, possibly a presentation piece?

Brunk Plate. Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

313. "T.S. Andrews". Only known specimen. Bold XF c/m on nicely toned F/VF 1854 quarter.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c * Image-1 * --

314. "Arnold". Large, bold F/VF c/m on worn AG 1853 Arrows quarter. One of only two known, other on 1883 cent.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: Real Estate S-NJ Temperence Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

315. "Asbury Park, N.J." Real Estate. James A. Bradley (see Lot 344) purchased 500 acres of land in 1870, and developed it into a summer resort for TEMPERANCE advocates. Nice VF c/m in curved line, on Good 1873 Seated Dime.

Rulau values at $75.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

316. "Ault & Son". Brunk listed previously as Gault, but "G" not visable to my eyes: "?ault & Son", slightly weak F-VF c/m. Also hand engraved (or rather: scratched): "1882/Oct 16.", all on nice clean Lima 1780 two reales, VG.

Brunk Plate; Rulau Plate, 1997; 684. Rulau values at $125.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant S-CT * Image-1 * --

317. (CT: Preston?) (Wm.) "Avery". Full c/m is "Wm. Avery", but only "Avery" shows on the then newly minted small cents. Bold VF c/m on G 1858 Flying Eagle cent. One of only 3 known. Rulau lists under Preston, CT, but says the attribution is doubtful.

Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

318. "W.H. Bailey". Nice, mostly bold VF c/m, "W.H." a bit weak, on clean 1847 Large Cent, a few rim dings. One of 4 known, all on large cents.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: S-NY Early American Tokens 1700-1832 Bakery Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Bust US Half Dollar S-NY * Image-1 * --

319. (NY: NYC) "N.Y. Bakery." Apparently for the "New York Bakery", which specialized in New York City style baked goods. Large, mostly bold c/m, tops of letters weak to missing: all on choice VG/F 1808 Bust Half-dollar (1808 over 07 variety). Rulau lists as HTT-540 R-8, but it may be from the Early American period. One of 2 known, other on 1829 half. Very Rare.

Brunk Plate; See Rulau 1997, p. 148; Color Cover Photo; worth $800-1200+.


X-REF: S-IL Photography/Tintype/Daguerreotype/Etc. Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Daguerreotype Tokens * Image-1 * --

320. IL Joliet PHOTOGRAPHER: "H.A. Balch/Artist/Joliet, Ill." Balch was a Joliet (daguerreotype?) photographer who was in business from 1864 to 1884. Nice VF c/m, a few letters weak; on worn AG 1853 arrows quarter, scr rev.

Rulau Plate. Color Cover Photo. Rulau values at $175/VF.


X-REF: S-NY Silversmith/Goldsmith Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

321. (NY: Syracuse) "C.S. Ball." Calvin S. Ball was a silversmith, and was later the partner of Seymour Stone (See Stone and Ball, Lots 580-583). This is Ball's hallmark. He was located in the White Memorial Building. Struck 3 times with bold BAR-punch, on nice brown AG/G 1829 Large Cent. One of only 3 known on large cents, the latest dated 1838.

Brunk Plate. TAMS Aug 1990 plate. Rulau values at $125/XF.


X-REF: S-OH Medicine/Medical Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

322. (OH: Fostoria) "P.E. Ballou Phrenologist". Perry Eugene Ballou, 1850-1913, married Olive Jackson in 1879 and had three children. He was a lecturer on the system of phrenology, which argued that human behavior could be explained by examining the shape of a person's head, and the 'bumps' on it. Phrenology was introduced into America by a Viennese physician Johann Spurzheim in 1832, calling it 'the science of the mind'. Initially appealing to the elites, by the 1850's phrenology had spread to small-town America, aided by the traveling 'bump doctor', close kin to the medicine show doctor. These professors of phrenology lectured, sold books and charts, and analyzed the heads of their audience for a fee, applying it to every aspect of life, from choosing mates and careers to raising children. Perry probaby pursued this field from about 1868 until 1876, preferring it to the hard labors of his family farm in Michigan. Seeing the interest in the subject diminish in the 1870's, he entered and obtained a medical degree from Hahnemann Medical College of Chicago in 1881. After graduation he first settled in Fostoria, OH, and there practiced homeopathic medicine. A couple of years later he moved to West Mill Grove, OH, and seems to have retired from practice in 1900 and died in 1913. Bold Very Fine countermark in circle around rim of coin, on Good Indian cent, date covered by c/m. Scarce and popular medical c/m.

Brunk Plate. Rulau reports these were given by Ballou to those who attended his lectures. TAMS Aug 1990 plate. William Swoger "Genealogical Numismatic Research", TAMS, 1991 plate. An example on a 1847 Cent sold for $339 in Bowers & Merena Nov. 1995 sale. Rulau values at $300/VF.


X-REF: S-MD Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Large Cent & Half Cent related * Image-1 * --

323. "6/Baltm." Hard Times 149. Five dotted lines after "6", which many describe as an oyster crate. Deep bold XF c/m, overlapping double struck on AG brown 1825 Half cent. Probably Baltimore, MD. Only 5 known, the latest dated 1834. Hard Times Token R-149, R7 (Rulau 1997; p105), Rare!

Brunk Plate (right). Rulau suggests this is perhaps the token of an oyster shucker, indicating 6 quarts shucked. Color Cover Photo. A lesser specimen realized $205 in Coin Galleries, July 1994.


X-REF: S-CT Watch/Clock/Jewelry Related Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

324. (CT: Bristol?) "Wallace Barnes". Brunk attributes to Wallace Barnes who was a manufactuer of clock springs, in Bristol, CT. Nice bold VF c/m in curved line on choice brown VF 1845 Large Cent, scr rev.

Brunk Plate (left). Bowers points out most merchant c/m are just initials or last names and initials. This is a rare example with a first name. Rulau values at $60/VF. One on a Bolivian eight Sols realized $375 in the Nov 1993 Bowers & Merana auction.


X-REF: S-NY Watch/Clock/Jewelry Related Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

325. (NY: Port Glasgow) "Barr & Long". John Barr was a clock maker in Port Glasgow, NY, in the 1840's. A longer version of the c/m reads: Dealer in Watches, clocks, &c. This appears to be a later partnership. Mostly bold VF c/m, first letters weak, on slick silver half-real. Very Rare, only known specimen of this variety!

Brunk Plate. As an unidentified maverick, Rulau valued at $175, now attributed by Brunk.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

326. "T. Bascom." Bold XF c/m on AG 180? Large Cent, rev slick (possibly 1807). Brunk PLATE, listed as 1800. One of only 8 known.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c * Image-1 * --

327. "J.D. Baum". Only known specimen. Large, bold VF c/m, on G 1857 dime.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

328. "C. Beach". VF c/m, a bit hard to read; on AG 1857 Flying Eagle Cent. One of two known.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c

329. "E.C. Beardsley". Bold VF c/m on nice VG 1877 quarter. One of only 2 known on quarters. Beardsley was an important late issuer of c/ms who only stamped silver coins.

Brunk Plate (left).


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

330. "E.C. Beardsley". Mostly bold F/VF c/m, a few letters weak; on silver Germany Prussia Vereinsthaler, 1865-A, Y-170a, nice VG, but holed at top. Only known specimen on foreign coin.

Ex-World Exonumia sale 12/1/80, lot 1873.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

331. "Beers". Overlapping double struck, F/VF c/m on rev of nice brown Good 18?3 (Matron Head) Large Cent, top hole. One of 2 known, only one known on Large Cent.


X-REF: S-PA PA CWT Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

332. PA Erie: W. Bell's Exchange. William Bell sold dry goods on Park Row, according to the 1859 city directory. "For/Bargains/In/Dry Goods/Go To/W. Bell's/ 5 Exchange/Erie, PA." Also listed as Civil War Token PA360A-1do by Fuld. About F/VF c/m, bottom lines weaker, on planed/shaved off VF C-N 1859 Indian Cent. An unusual way to make a token! The only CWT from Erie. Scarce.

Brunk Plate (left).


X-REF: S-PA Saloon (on item) Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

333. PA Philadelphia: C.M. Berry SALOON!. Casper M. Berry was first listed as an "Agent" at 555 S Second St in the 1848 city directory. His saloon was located on the corner of Chestnut and fifth streets. "C.M. Berry/N.W.C. 5th &/Phila./Chesnut/Saloon". Mostly bold VF/XF c/m, weaker at bottom; on worn AG 1795(?) two reales, holed below "Saloon".

Color Cover Photo. A lesser specimen on a 1791 two reales brought $385 in the 1985 VanOrmer sale by Bowers & Merena.


X-REF: S-NY Silversmith/Goldsmith Early American Tokens 1700-1832 Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

334. (NY: Hudson) "W. Bessac" R9 Hard Times A450. The hallmark of W. Bessac, a silversmith who worked in Hudson, NY during the 1820's. Kovel lists another of his hallmarks, which gives his name as H.W. Bessac. VF BAR-PUNCH on rev of nice brown G. 1833 Large Cent. Only known specimen on Large Cent; one of 2 known, other on Hard Times Token. Very rare HTT era c/m Rulau 1997; p115 A450, R9.

Worth $300-500+.


X-REF: Canada Trade Tokens Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant

335. "I.S. Bingham." Partly weak, but fully readable Fine c/m on nice brown VF Upper Canada Penny. Only known specimen on a token, one of 4 total.


X-REF: Magic/Magician Coins: Colonial Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

336. "Sig. Blitz/MAGICIAN" on 1787 Connecticut Copper. Bold and clear block letter Very Fine+ countermark on AG/pitted CT copper coin, reverse somewhat clear and readable. Rare and highly desirable magic c/m, this is the only known example on a CT cent. All c/m on colonial coins are RARE!

Rulau Plate 1997, where he values at $500: p.305. As there are no recent sale records for such a spectacular piece, it should bring more today; Brunk Plate; Melvin Fuld: "Seldom Seen Tokens", TAMS 1976:52 plate. Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: S-ME Gunsmith/Guns/Pistols Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

337. (ME: Livermore) "D.S. Boothby" on 20c. Bold VF c/m on nice Good+ 1875-S TWENTY-CENT. RARE denomination for c/m! One of 2 known, other on two-cent (which also reads "Warranted"). Rulau suggests this is David Boothby, a gunsmith in Livermore, ME, 1870-1884. Very Rare!

Brunk Plate. No specimen seen by Rulau (1997:510), no number assigned.


X-REF: S-PA Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Hotel/Motel Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

338. (PA: Philadelphia) Bolivar House. William Carels began managing the Bolivar House in 1828. He also countermarked coins for Carel's Restaurant, which was located at the same address. "Bolivar/8th and Chest Strt" in two semi-circles. These Bolivar House c/m are particularlly interesting because of their unusual letter layout, which is NOT circular, but composed of semi-circles of different radii. Why he used this unusual layout is answered by closely studying his twenty and twenty-five cent struck tokens. On those pieces the denomination is in the center of the name and address, which appear exactly as they do on the coins, but in the c/m coins these words are incuse. Therefore, the c/m coins must have been made using the original hub die that had been cut to manufacture the Bolivar House's brass tokens! This fact was previously unrecognized. See Rulau 1997, p.137-8, where the tokens are valued at $2000-3000/VF. Bold VF-XF c/m on nice, clean Good Mexican two reales, 1789. One of three known on two reales. VERY Rare! Hard Times era c/m.

Brunk and Rulau plate, Brunk full page plate. Color Cover Photo. TAMS Aug 1990 plate.


X-REF: S-MA US Mint Other Masonic: Medals Award (other than listed) Knights Templar Hand-Engraved Tokens Made-from or Relic Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Military: Civil War related

339. (MA) Boston: Masonic Temple Fire - US MINT ISSUE - FIRST COMMEMORATIVE COIN. From a 29 Sept. 1864 newspaper: '... The US Mint released the new 1864's to the Masons, made from their own silver'. Another half dollar is engraved: 'Made from Jewels burned in the Masonic Temple Boston' (Moffatt mail bid sale Sept 1997, lot 128). This example: "Presented to/Sir KT R H Carelton -- by -- Sir KT D.W.W./Boston" on obv; rev: "Taken from the ruins of Masonic Temple/April 6 1864", nice VF fully hand engraved (not c/m); on choice Fine 1864 Seated Half-dollar. A rare, previously unknown US MINT ISSUE, from melted silver coined into half-dollars, and engraved for fund-raising. 'KT' is Knights Templar. See the Mark Hotz article in the Feb. 1993 Numismatist. This should probably be listed in the Red Book! RARE and highly desirable. This may be classified as the first US commemorative coin, issued 28 years before the Columbian Expo half dollars. Unique variety.

Brunk Plate, p. 116. Ex-Lot 1564, Emery and Nichols collection, Bowers and Merena, Nov. 1984. Rulau lists only 6 specimens, all different varieties. An example in the March 1985 B&M sale realized $187, before it was known this is a US Mint issue. Worth four figures.


X-REF: S-MA Bookseller/Book Medals/Printing/Press Photography/Tintype/Daguerreotype/Etc. Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

340. "Boston". Many "Boston" c/m were struck from the same stamp, which means BOSTON is the name of a person or firm. Bold XF c/m, second "O" partially weak (See Brunk plates); on nice brown Good 1831 Large Cent. Brunk suggests a probable issuer was the Boston Type and Sterotype Foundry.


X-REF: Masonic: Other (Glass, Souvenirs, etc.) S-MA C.W. Related Exonumia Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

341. Boston Masonic Temple Paperweight. Brunk PLATE, p. 115. Rectangular glass paperweight, with photo of Temple, which burned in 1864, embossed in base. While the Temple burned in 1864, this was probably issued later, as this style of paperweight appears more recent than 1864. XF, one flaw center. Brunk plate.

$125.00-150.00+


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

342. "Boyd". Large bold letters, VF c/m on AG 1876-CC quarter. An important c/m, the firm apparently in business before and after the Civil War, as its c/m are also found on 1814 and 1843 halfs.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

343. "J.A. Boyer". Bold XF c/m on nice Red VG 1854 Large Cent. One of 3 known on Large cents (9 total pcs).

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: S-NY Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

344. NY (NY City) UNIQUE James S. Bradley. Unique variety: "Jas. S. Bradley/Gilder & Frame/Maker/158 Wm St N.Y." Nice VF c/m, a few letters slightly weak; ON BOTH SIDES of nice clean AG/G Lima 1778 two reales. This is the discovery piece for the "158" address. Only known specimen of the 158 Wm St variety! RARE.

Brunk plate (#4925). See Rulau 1997; 234. Probably worth $600-900+.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

345. "J. Bramble/*". Bold XF c/m curved around star, but 'AM' weak, apparently struck over some foreign object, now gone, some minor damage to coin. Tops of 'B' strong. On 1851 Half cent, nice brown F/VF.

Rulau values at $50/VF.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

346. "J. Bramble/*". As above, Very bold XF c/m; on VG/F 1851 Half cent.

Color Cover Photo. These were probably struck ca. 1854, as that is the latest date coin known.


X-REF: S-NY Theater/Drama/Vaudeville/Opera/Minstrel Bawdy House/Whore House (not flippers) Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Early American Tokens 1700-1832 * Image-1 * --

347. (NY: New York City) Broadway Varieties. "Admit To/Broadway/Varieties". Probably a burlesque theater, like Parisian Varieties, but an older issuer, as all c/m are on two reales, the latest date 1817. Mostly strong VF-XF c/m, a few letters light; on clean, nice AG+ 1773 Mexican two reales (mintmark is upside down!).

Brunk Plate (left). Color Cover Photo. Rulau values at $175/XF.


X-REF: S-ME Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

348. (ME: Bradley) "S. Bullen". One of two varieties, one known of each, the other: 'S. Bullen/Bradley ME', also on two-cent. Bold XF c/m on nice AG 1864 two-cent. Very Rare, and unknown to Rulau.

ex-C&D Gale June, 1992, lot 107.


X-REF: S-MD Silversmith/Goldsmith Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

349. (MD: Baltimore) "H.S. Burges". Attributed to a silverplater in Baltimore by Rulau. Nice VF c/m. One of the most prolific US stampers of coins, so many that the top of 'B' broke and is missing on this specimen. Probably struck in 1858 as that is latest coin date known. On brown VG 1851 Large Cent.

A similar c/m on a 1845 cent brought $68 in the Nov. 1989 Coin Galleries auction.


X-REF: S-MD Silversmith/Goldsmith Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

350. (MD: Baltimore) "H.S. Burges". Very sharp XF c/m, mint red in letters, 'B' top broken; on nice brown F/VF 1852 Large Cent. A popular c/m.

Brunk Plate. TAMS Aug 1990 plate.


X-REF: S-MD Silversmith/Goldsmith Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

351. (MD: Baltimore) "H.S. Burges". "Burges" (coin too small for full c/m). Bold VF c/m, 'B' top weak; on Good Flying Eagle Cent, date removed.


X-REF: S-MD Silversmith/Goldsmith Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

352. (MD: Baltimore) "H.S. Burges". Bold VF c/m, top of 'B' complete! On worn AG 185? quarter.


X-REF: S-NY Optical/Optician Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Daguerreotype Tokens Photography/Tintype/Daguerreotype/Etc. Jewelers Music/Piano/Composer/Organ Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Watch/Clock/Jewelry Related Bust US Half Dollar * Image-1 * --

353. (NY: Ithaca) "J. Burritt & Son" R9 Hard Times 532. Joseph Burritt was a silversmith who moved to Ithaca from Connecticut in 1816. He and his son sold 'Imported and American watches, clocks, silverware, spectacles, musical instruments, spy glasses, microscopes.' He was also an early PHOTOGRAPHER who chronicled the life of Ithaca (The Dewitt Historical Society of Ithaca published an entire book: 'With a Jeweler's Eye: The Photographs of Joseph C. Burritt, 1988'. This book illustrated one of his spoons with this hallmark, but they were unaware he had stamped coins!) Bold VF BAR-STAMP c/m, last few letters weak; on nice Good 1834 Bust Half-Dollar. Only known specimen for this variety. Two others known with 'Ithaca'. Very Rare HARD TIMES TOKEN c/m, Rulau 1997; p. 115, 532, R9.

Brunk Plate (photo much too light!) Since there are only two others known, there are no auction records. As an important early NY c/m and HTT, Brunk suggests $1000-2500+.


X-REF: Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Spoons: Souvenier & Other S-NY Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

354. (NY: Ithaca): "J. Burritt & Son/Ithaca" SPOON. Similar to 'J. Burritt & Son' hallmark on above 1834 half-dollar. This rare hallmark is on a silver spoon, in two lines, with slightly overlapping "Ithaca" hallmark. Engraved with owner's initials: "LJH". Silver spoon,

$50.00-100.00+

A wonderful display item.


X-REF: S-CA India Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

355. (CA?): "C S/Hotel". NICE cartouche BAR-PUNCH in rectangular bar, scalloped top edges! Most unusual! This was likely issued in Calif., as the only other known East Indies Co. c/m coin was stamped by Polhemus in Sacramento. Bold F/VF c/m; on British East Indies Co. Bombay Presidency 1/4 anna 1833, VG. RARE! One of only two known specimens, the other on 1835 half-cent. This can probably be identified from western business directories.

Brunk plates American: p. 318; World p.38. Color Cover Photo. Brunk estimates $750+.


X-REF: S-NY Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 * Image-1 * --

356. (NY: New York City) "C.V/N-Y". Single stamp, only known specimen on Large cent, one of 2 known pieces, the other on 1806 two reales. This may be a Hard Times Token! Bold VF c/m on AG 1837 Large Cent, holed, edges flattened.

Probably identifable, check your early NY directories! Rulau suggests 7/98 "probably USMT period".


X-REF: Silversmith/Goldsmith Watch/Clock/Jewelry Related S-PA Other Engravers/DieSinkers/Medalist Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

357. (PA: Philadelphia) "Caldwell & Son". James E. Caldwell began as a silversmith in Philadelphia in the early 1830's. He was a partner in Bennett and Caldwell from 1843 to 1848, when J.E. Caldwell and Co. was organized. They also sold pocket watches at their 902 Chestnut St. store. They issued a number of medals (see Forrer VII:146). The firm is reportedly still in business. Only known specimen of this variety; also known with 'Philada', on large cent. Mostly bold F/VF c/m, on Fine 1860 C-N Indian Cent. Rare.

Brunk plate, p. 229. Rulau didn't know of this variety, but values an 1851 cent at $150/VF.


X-REF: S-OH Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

358. OH Canton "Canton, O." Only known specimen. Bold, slanted letters VF c/m, on 1887 dime, Good.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

359. "E. Carr". Bold, deep XF c/m, on 181? Large Cent, brown AG, holed. Only known specimen.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

360. "J. Cawley". Very bold XF c/m on VG/F 1876 quarter. One of two known, both on 1876 quarters.

Brunk Plate. Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: S-IL 1933 Century of Progress Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

361. (IL) Chicago: Century of Progress. "A Century of Progress, Chicago, 1934" on EDGE of 1934 Lincoln cent, XF, silver or nickel plated. Unusual EDGE c/m!


X-REF: S-NY Watch/Clock/Jewelry Related Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

362. (NY: Clyde) "E.J. Chapin". E.J. Chapin worked in Clyde as a jeweler, clock and watch dealer. Struck 3 times: twice on obv fields, once on rev Bold VF c/m on nice VG 1854 arrows quarter. One of only two known for this variety, both on quarters; 5 total known.

Brunk Plate, both sides shown. Rulau values at $180/VF.


X-REF: S-IL Boot/Shoe/Feet Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

363. IL Ottawa: Child & Brother. Child and Brother were listed in the Ottawa directories as shoemakers. "Child & Bro./Ottawa Ill." Choice bold VF c/m, on Good 1854 arrows quarter.

Color Cover Photo. May be the nicest known specimen. Rulau values at $150/VF.


X-REF: S-ME Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

364. ME Bangor: China Tea Company. William H. Adams was the first proprietor of the firm, organized in 1858. Thomas White followed, who operated the business until 1873, when it became the White Tea Company. "China Tea Co./Bangor Me." Most merchant c/m are all capital letters. This is an unusual upper & lower case c/m. Very bold and choice XF c/m, on nice F/VF 1853 arrows & rays quarter. This appears to be the finest known example.

Brunk Plate, upper right (and p.5); Rulau plate, lower left; featured on the front cover of The Numismatist Feb 1989, 224, Brunk article, plate. A much inferior specimen realized $440 in the Sept 1992 B&M auction.


X-REF: S-KY Watch/Clock/Jewelry Related Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

365. (KY) Louisville: S.D. Choathe Silversmith. Stephen D. Choathe worked in Cincinnati from 1836 to 1840. He sold lamps, watches, jewelry and silverware in Louisville from 1841 to 1853. "S.D. Choathe/Silversmith/Louisville" Partially weak, apparently three different line punches, as each line is a bit crooked, VG; on nice, clean G/VG two reales 1796-Guatemala, holed. Rulau 1997:235 notes it is very unusual to find a merchant c/m on a Nueva Guatemala mint coin. Only known specimen on two reales, one of only 4 total pieces known.

Brunk Plate, upper left. An example on a 1853 quarter sold for $330 in the 1985 B&M VanOrmer sale.


X-REF: S-IA Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Hotel/Motel Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

366. (IA: Iowa City) "Clark/House". A RARE pre-Civil War c/m from Iowa's first state capital. Bold VF+ c/m; on rev of G/VG 1857 Half-dollar, holed. Only 3 known. Same style lettering as 1856 pictured in Brunk p.50; Rulau 1997; 192.

Rulau values at $300/VF.


X-REF: S-PA Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

367. (PA: Philadelphia) "G.W. Clark". A close comparison of the letters of this specimen indicates it is similar (except for being a straight line) to the marks of George Clark (PA-713, Rulau 1997:279), who was a blacksmith at 1118 Wistar St. Apparently the same person was listed in the 1860 city directory as 'G.W. Clark', a manufacturer of whitelead, etc. at 217 Lodge St. One of only 2 known specimens of this variety. Bold XF c/m, on 186? C-N Indian Cent, AG, flattened, elongated slightly.

Brunk Plate, p. 233, bottom. Rulau values the other Clark variety at $100/XF, $150/AU, on half cents.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

368. ". Cleverly". Bold VF c/m; on 1854 Large Cent, cut in half. Only known specimen.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

369. "Comstock". Only known specimen. Slightly weak Fine c/m; on 1866 AG/G THREE-CENT Nickel (rare denomination for c/m!).


X-REF: Patent Medicine Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Civil War Tokens--Storecards * Image-1 * --

370. "Try/Corey's/Ointment". A patent medicine. The maker of Corey's Ointment is untraced, but was a CIVIL WAR issue, as the latest known c/m date is 1861. Partially bold XF to weak at right side c/m; on Good 1858 quarter.

Ex-Gould, Gould Plate. Rulau values at $150. A specimen on a 1861 quarter realized $220 in the Nov Bowers & Merena auction.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

371. "H.B. Corkins". Light Fine c/m; on 1877 AG quarter. One of only 2 known on quarters, only 4 total known.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

372. "B.F. Crook". One of only 5 known, the latest dated 1867. F/VF c/m on BOTH SIDES; on AG, pitted 1862(?) C-N Indian Cent.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

373. "T.L. Curtis". Partially weak G/VF c/m; on slick AG 1876 quarter. One of 3 known on quarters, of a total of 5.


X-REF: Religious/Theology/Church/Bible Political: Medals/Tokens: Pre-1901 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 * Image-1 * --

374. See Deuteronomy. Hard Times R-467B, R 1997, p.150, R-7. An enigmatic Biblical verse, which may be a veiled attack on an antebellum poltician (see Rulau). "See Deutero-/Nomy 23: 1,21" Very bold XF c/m, but last '1' weak; on Guatamala Charles IV two reales, 17??, large planchet lamination rev.

ex-Krueger Apr 1991; lot 1680. Color Cover Photo. Rulau Plate, p. 151; valued at $90.


X-REF: S-NY Gunsmith/Guns/Pistols Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

375. (NY): Elmira W.P. Dewitt. In the 1850's William Dewitt worked as a gunsmith at 418 Water St. "W.P. Dewitt/Elmira" Bold VF c/m; on brown AG 1817(??) Large Cent (date almost unreadable).

Probably issued ca. 1854, as that is the latest known coin date.


X-REF: S-NY Gunsmith/Guns/Pistols Bust US Coinage: 5/10/25c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

376. (NY) Elmira: W.P. Dewitt. As above. Gunsmith. Mostly bold VF c/m, first few letters a bit weak, on obv; ALSO c/m on rev, first line extremely weak, second line Fine. On 1837(?) Bust Dime, slick AG, rev almost smooth.

Brunk Plate (right).


X-REF: S-NY Gunsmith/Guns/Pistols Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

377. (NY) Elmira: W.P. Dewitt. As above. Gunsmith. Bold VF+ c/m on field of 1853 arrows Seated Half Dollar, nice Good+.

Brunk Plate (left). TAMS Aug 1990.


X-REF: Silversmith/Goldsmith Early American Tokens 1700-1832 S-PA Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

378. (PA:Philadelphia?) "I. Dixon*". LARGE, VERY Bold XF c/m BAR-PUNCH, in serrated rectangle; on slick rev of copper George II Penny, obv AG, all choice Brown, nice. Rare to find a George II coin countermarked! Quite possibly a maker's mark of Isaac Dixon, a Philadelphia silversmith born in 1784, but this is larger than most hallmarks. The company was in business as I. Dixon and Son until 1893. Very Rare, only known example (unique?)

Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: Tool Maker/Metal Worker Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

379. "L. Dudley/Cast Steel". Very bold XF c/m on rev of 183? Large Cent, nice AG. Only known specimen. A number of marks have the general form of "(name)/Cast Steel" (see lot 379 for another mark of this style). This indicates the issuer was likely a tool maker after ca. 1830, when steel was substituted for iron in axes and other tools. This may be a predecessor of Dudley Lock Co. of Chicago, which is listed in Arnall (1996) as a maker of padlocks, but he does not give Dudley's first name.

Color Cover Photo. Unknown to Rulau, but similar c/m listed at $125.


X-REF: S-NY Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Tool Maker/Metal Worker Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

380. (NY: New York City) "C.C. Dyer". Hard Times E-259. Charles C. Dyer was a saw filer and tool maker at 510 Greenwich St. Bold XF c/m on rev of brown AG 1816 Large Cent. A popular c/m. Rulau 1997; p121, E-259, R5.

Now listed as a Hard Times Token by Rulau, as the latest c/m coin is dated 1840.


X-REF: S-NY Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Tool Maker/Metal Worker Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

381. (NY: New York City) "C.C. Dyer". Hard Times E-259, as above. Bold VF c/m in field of nice brown Good 1837 Large Cent. R5.


X-REF: S-NY Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Tool Maker/Metal Worker Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

382. (NY: New York City) "C.C. Dyer". As above. Bold VF c/m, partially over date of 18?7 Large Cent, brown G/VG.


X-REF: S-RI Silversmith/Goldsmith Early American Tokens 1700-1832 Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Bust US Half Dollar * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

383. (RI: Providence) "EB" Hallmark of Ezekiel Burr - RARE Hard Times Token. The origins of this hallmark stamp have been hotly debated for decades. Early writers attributed this piece to Ephraim Brasher of New York. A similar c/m piece sold for $3500 in 1968! Three spoons with this hallmark, but attributed to Brasher, sold for $880 in the July 1991 Coin Galleries sale. Coin World (Feb. 16, 1998) printed a feature article on this hallmark on a 1799 dollar. Belden and many other references illustrate a very similar rectangular silversmith's hallmark that was used by Ephraim Brasher. The problem is that Brasher died in 1810, and "EB" hallmarks appear on coins dated as late as 1835. However, silversmiths sometimes used hallmarks of predecessors to mark their own quality goods. A subsequent article in Coin World (March 3, 1998) illustrated this coin, a blowup of the c/m, and offered arguments favoring Ezekiel Burr as the illusive "EB". The Brasher c/m is 'E*B', while this is "EB". Burr was an early American silversmith, born in Providence in 1765. He and his two brothers Christopher and William C. were apprenticed to gold and silversmith Samuel Yates of Newport, ca. 1777. When Ezekiel's apprenticeship was over, he married Lydia Yates, in 1785. The Dec. 8, 1792 'Providence Gazette' reported he and his brother William were partners 'a few doors south of the Baptist Meeting House'. Christopher was lost at sea while quite young. In 1793 the two brothers parted their business, but each continued in the trade. During his life Ezekiel held various local offices, including tax collector and deputy sheriff. About 1825 Ezekiel became a grocer, while his young son continued the family jewelry business. BAR-PUNCH in rectangle, F/VF; on head of 1819 Bust Half Dollar, choice VF. One of 2 known specimens on half dollars; one of 7 total, the latest dated 1835, making it a Hard Times Token. The 1799 dollar piece is also carefully struck on the Liberty head. RARE, an important piece of evidence in an ongoing debate in early American numismatics. Rulau 7/98 lists as RI 41A, ca. 1835.

From the Bowers & Merena Nov 1992 sale, #2007. Coin World cover page plates, March 3, 1998.


X-REF: S-RI Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

384. "E.E.D." One of only 2 identical known. Mostly bold VF/XF on BOTH sides of nice VG 1872 Shield Nickel.


X-REF: S-NY Beer/Bier/Beverage/Brewery Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

385. NY New York City: Ebling's Columbian Garden. Joseph E. Ebling was a confectioner, listed at 73 Houston St in the 1839 city directory. In the 1840's and 1850's he was at 200 Bowery. At that time, 'Garden' meant beer garden. "Ebling's/Columbian/Garden/200/Bowery/N.Y.", struck from three separate stamps. Partially bold XF, partially weak Fine c/m; on clean AG 1800-Guatemala two reales. A rare mint for US c/m.

Brunk Plate, FULL-PAGE Plate, p. 67. Color Cover Photo. Rulau under values at only $250!


X-REF: Love Tokens: Multiples Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

386. "E.H.W", "E.D.C", "1872". On obv, apparently all prepared punches; "June", "27" on rev, all F/VF on 185? Seated Quarter, AG.


X-REF: Other Engravers/DieSinkers/Medalist Countermarked Coins: US Merchant S-ME Jewelers Watch/Clock/Jewelry Related * Image-1 * --

387. (ME: Bangor): "J. Ellis." In 1868 John Ellis & Co. was located at 8 Main St in Bangor (Rulau). Ellis was a jewler, watchmaker and dealer in silver plate. Large letters variety. Bold XF c/m on AG 1857 quarter, the latest known coin marked. Rulau lists a piece apparently related: 'John Ellis/Copper and/General/Engraver' on 1861 cent (p. 277). An unusual c/m with upper and lower case used.

Brunk Plate (left).


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

388. "G. Evans". Bold VF c/m on AG/G 1864 two-cent.

Brunk Plate (left). Probably issued ca. 1865, as this is the latest dated coin known.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

389. "E.P. Everett". Bold VF c/m in semi-circle, on nice brown F/VF 1849 Large Cent, small stain. Probably issued ca. 1855.

Brunk Plate. TAMS Aug 1990.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

390. "S.B. Farmer". Struck 3 times on Obv AND 6 times on Rev, Bold VF-XF c/m on brown 1843 Large Cent. One of two known on large cents, 4 total.


X-REF: S-NJ Beer/Bier/Beverage/Brewery Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

391. (NJ: Newark) Feigenspan Brewery. Christian Feigenspan's Brewery was organized in 1869 and located at 47 Belmont St. They are best known for its 'Pride of Newark Beer'. "Drink/Feigenspan's/Lager" Clear F/VF c/m on AG worn-date Seated quarter.

Brunk Plate (center); Feb 1989 Numismatist Brunk article plate. Color Cover Photo. Rulau values at $300/XF. One on a fine 1875 quarter brought $250 in the Nov 1993 Bowers & Merena auction.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

392. "R.W. Fernald". Bold VF-XF c/m on BOTH SIDES of VF 1866 Shield nickel, holed. Only known specimen on nickel, 6 total known.


X-REF: S-PA Jewelers Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Love Tokens: Award/Prize Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

393. (PA: Sharpsville) Maggie E. Fish. The only known example of this important private c/m piece was made by J.W. Fuller, who also issued similar type advertising marks (See Lot 403). Recent research has shown Fuller was a jeweler in Sharpsville, PA. Therefore what "Ind." means on this piece is not clear. However there was a Sharpsville, Ind. in Tipton Co, and this town may have been originally settled by folks from Sharpsville, PA. "Maggie E. Fish/Sharpsville,/Ind./*/March 4 th. 1870" Individual letter punch, unusual with upper and lower case, Bold VF c/m on 1858-O half dollar. Unique.

Ex-VanOrmer, #2644. Brunk Plate, p. 246. Rulau plate. The only known example of such a personal piece made for advertising.


X-REF: S-NC S-CT Silversmith/Goldsmith Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

394. "Fitch &". Struck 3 times, one upside down in relation to other two c/m. Bold VF/XF, first & last letters weak; on Mexican Ferdinand VII two reales, worn-date AG. Only known specimen. Possibly the hallmark of Allen Fitch. He was associated with Fitch & Hobart in New Haven, CT, and later with Fitch & Co, New Bern, NC.

Ex-Koppenhaver, May 1986, lot 382.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

395. "J. Flather." Partially weak F-VF c/m on BOTH SIDES; on 1859 C-N Indian Cent, VG+. Only known specimen on C-N cent, one of 3 known total.


X-REF: Automobile/Automotive Ford, Henry Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

396. "Ford" script trademark. According to The Numismatist (1958: 289) these were used in the Ford Motor Company's promotions. Due to the variety known, they were probably used in different places. Very Large, very thick letter script 17mm c/m XF, apparently within circle, as cent has circular mark at top; on 1918 Lincoln Cent, VG.


X-REF: Automobile/Automotive Ford, Henry Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

397. "Ford". Small 7mm script VF c/m, VF; on Good 1908 nickel. Very few script c/m are known to exist.


X-REF: Automobile/Automotive Ford, Henry Barber US Coinage: 5/10/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

398. "Ford". Very large 15mm script c/m, VF; on Good 1911 Barber dime, rim dings.

Brunk Plate (right).


X-REF: Automobile/Automotive Ford, Henry Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

399. "Ford". Thin 10mm script variety c/m, Fine; on 1944 Standing Liberty half-dollar, G/VG.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: Automobile/Automotive Ford, Henry Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

400. "Ford". The same variety as above, thin 10mm script c/m, VF; on 1945-D Standing Liberty half-dollar, VG.


X-REF: Automobile/Automotive Ford, Henry Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

401. "Ford". The same variety as above, struck twice in fields with thin script c/m F/VF; on 1952 Franklin half-dollar, F/VF.


X-REF: Automobile/Automotive Ford, Henry Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

402. "Ford-O". Or possibly "Ford-Co". Script 10mm c/m, VF; on 1920 Buffalo nickel, VG. One of 2 known, other on 1895 nickel. Probably a very early Ford issue.


X-REF: S-PA Jewelers Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

403. (PA: Sharpsville) J.W. Fuller. Fuller was a jeweler in Sharpsville, PA. Although previously attributed to Indiana, this Penn. attribution has been confirmed by the PA Sharpsville town historian in a letter to Brunk, and the recent discovery of a Fuller c/m also reading 'Sharpsville PA' (Also see lot 393). Fuller's only daughter died in the 1940's. "J.W. Fuller/Jeweler/Sharpsville" Bold VF-XF individual letter punch c/m; on nice F/VF 1869 shield nickel. Most unusual, one of the few advertising c/m from individual letter punches, plus in upper and lower case.

Brunk Plate (right). One of the few advertising c/m made entirely from individual letter punches. Rulau values at $125/VF.


X-REF: S-PA Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Early American Tokens 1700-1832 Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 * Image-1 * --

404. "G B". In serrated diamond, as if this is a trademark. Bold XF c/m, but left border of diamond incomplete (see photo); on 1817 brown AG Large Cent. An unlisted Early American token, as the latest of 4 known is dated 1826.

Brunk Plate (left). Rulau 7/98: "Will be listed as EAT, number not yet assigned". As an unlisted EAT, worth $150+.


X-REF: S-OH Photography/Tintype/Daguerreotype/Etc. Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

405. (OH: Urbana) "G.W.C." G.W. Collins PHOTOGRAPHER. According to the 1858 business directory, G.W. Collins's photographic studio was located at 154 Scioto St. This "G.W.C" c/m is in exactly the same letter style as his longer c/m: 'G.W. Collins/Urbana. O.' Struck twice, bold VF c/m; on 1851 Half cent, choice brown VF.

Brunk Plate; see Rulau 1997; 274 & 615. Rulau values at $40/VF, $60/XF.


X-REF: S-OH Photography/Tintype/Daguerreotype/Etc. Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

406. "G W C". Possibly also GW Collins, photographer, but much larger c/m than above, 15mm VF/XF c/m; on Choice XF/AU, lusterous 1860 C-N Indian Cent.

Rulau 1997:274 values at $60/XF.


X-REF: S-OH Hotel/Motel Countermarked Coins: US Merchant S-UT * Image-1 * --

407. (UT: St. Joseph or OH: Cincinnati) "Galt/House". Now attributed to Cincinnati by Rulau, as the Galt House Hotel and Resturant was located at 6th and Main. It also issued other known tokens. Listed by Brunk (1987) and previously by Rulau to the Galt House in St. Joseph, Utah, which issued paper script. Bold VF/XF c/m in two curved lines; on red/brown AG/Good 1851 Large Cent. Only known specimen. Unique!

Brunk Plate, p. 249. Rulau Plate. TAMS Aug 1990 plate. As this is unique, there is no auction record.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

408. "Gibson". On obv, "Clow" on rev, both VF c/m, individual letter punch; on Good 1858 Seated Half. Only known specimen.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant S-ME * Image-1 * --

409. (ME?) "E.B. Gilman". The E.B. and G.E. Gilman c/m (see next lot) are identical in both style and shape. They are undoubtedly related, but both are unlisted in Rulau. Partially weak to VF c/m, 'an' almost missing. On 1857-O Seated quarter, Good+.


X-REF: S-ME Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

410. (ME?) "G.E. Gilman". Bold VF c/m; on choice brown VG/F 1853 Large Cent. One of only 3 known on large cents; 4 total. A clue to the origins of G.E. Gilman may come from another of his marked pieces, which is also stamped by E.M. Newton, a gunsmith in Skowhegan, ME, in the 1850s and 1860s.

Brunk Plate (wrongly shown under "EB Gilman").


X-REF: S-VT Gunsmith/Guns/Pistols Canada Trade Tokens Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant * Image-1 * --

411. (VT: Clarendon) "E.M. Glynn./Gunsmith." Glynn was a maker of percussion half stock guns in Clarendon. Two lines, Bold XF c/m; on Canadian Banque du Peuple Sou Token, brown G/VF, center hole, rim dings. One of only 5 known total.

Brunk Plate. Ex-Koppenhaver, June 1979, lot 246. Likely the finest known piece, and an unusual host token.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

412. "F.P. Goff". Tops of c/m letters quite weak, rest F/VF; on VG 1862 C-N Indian Cent. One of only 2 known, the other on a 1865 cent.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: Patent Medicine S-NH Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

413. (New Hampshire!) "Use G.G.G." Goodwin's Grand Grease Juice. Numismatists argued for decades about what was advertised by the stamp: 'Use G.G.G.' In 1985 Robert Sagers discovered the long c/m version: 'Use Goddwin's Grand Grease Juice for the Hair'. In 1994 Dave Bowers presented extensive evidence at an ANS conference that the issuer was George C. Goodwin, a large patent medicine dealer in Boston. But a subsequent check of the Goodwin's patent medicine catalogs in the Harvard Library showed he did not sell G.G.G. In 1995 Richard Cannon discovered a bottle reading: 'Goodwin's Grand Grease Juice Quintessence of Fat'. Then it was discovered that the July 1855 NH District Court copyrights indicate M.H. Goodwin was the maker of this product, but do not indicate a city! He received licenses for the trademarks: G.G.G., Q of F, Goodwin's Grand Grease Juice, and Goodwin's Grand Grease Juice or Quintessence of Fat. He called the product 'The Great American Preparation for the Establishment, Growth and Beauty of the Human Hair'. "Use/G.G.G." Bold VF c/m; on nice brown G/VF 1848 Large Cent. Issued ca. 1857, as that is the latest known host coin.

In the first edition of his standard catalog, Rulau listed this as a maverick ($25-175), now moved to NH (1997:223-224).


X-REF: Patent Medicine S-NH Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

414. (NH) "Use/G.G.G." As above. Bold VF c/m; on nice brown VG 1851 Large Cent.

Brunk Plate (upper left).


X-REF: Patent Medicine Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c S-NH Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

415. (NH) "Use/G.G.G." As above. Mostly bold VF-XF, but first "G" very weak; on 1853 arrows Seated half-dime, VG.


X-REF: Patent Medicine Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c S-NH Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

416. (NH) "Use/G.G.G." As above. Bold XF c/m; on VG 1850 Seated Dime.

Rulau values at $50/VF, this XF specimen: $75-100+. An example on a VG 1831 dime brought $100 in the Nov 1993 Bowers & Merena auction.


X-REF: Patent Medicine Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c S-NH Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

417. (NH) "Use/G.G.G." As above. Bold VF/XF c/m; on worn AG 1855 arrows Seated Dime.

Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: Patent Medicine S-NH Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

418. (NH) "Use/G.G.G./&/G.G.G.G." As above, 4 line inscription. Bold VF/XF c/m; on nice brown VG 1828 Large Cent.

The meaning of G.G.G.G. is still unknown! Ex-Maurice Gould collection, Sol Taylor auction, Feb, 1977, lot 5.70.


X-REF: Patent Medicine S-NH Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

419. (NH) "Use/G.G.G./&/G.G.G.G". As above. Nice Bold XF c/m; on nice brown Fine 1847 Large Cent.

A similar c/m on a VF 1851 cent realized $220 in Nov. 1990 B&M sale. One on a VF 1848 cent brought $143 in the Nov 1993 B&M sale.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

420. "A.B. Grant". Pre-Civil War issue. Slant letter XF c/m; on nice VG/F 1858 Seated quarter. One of only 2 on quarters; 5 total. Probably identifiable from directory listings.

As Dave Bowers points out, slant letter and italic c/m are most unusual. Unlisted in Rulau, but comparable pieces $50-150+. Ex-Kirtley, Oct 11, 1988, lot 6.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

421. "A.B. Grant". Slant letter VF c/m; on nice VG 1856 Seated Half dollar. Only known specimen on half.

Ex-Kirtley, Oct. 1986, lot 6.


X-REF: Tool Maker/Metal Worker Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

422. "Graves & Hatch/Cast-Steel". Bold two-line VF/XF c/m; on nice brown VG 1851 Large Cent. Only known specimen with this exact c/m, 2 other varieties known, one specimen each (3 total). Obviously some sort of a tool-maker, but not yet identified. See lot 379 for a similar type piece. Rare, only known example of this stamp, and a nice c/m!

See Rulau, 1997; 107 for another variety, which he values at $250/VF.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

423. "Griffin". Struck 4 times in box-shape, with center device, and unknown c/m on rev, bold VF; on unidentified 27mm coin, slick AG.


X-REF: S-PA Gunsmith/Guns/Pistols Bust US Coinage: 5/10/25c Early American Tokens 1700-1832 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

424. (PA) Lancaster: "... Gumpf" & "Lancaster". The Gumpf family of gunsmiths lived in Lancaster, PA, ca. 1820's (attribution by Rulau). At least eight members of the family made guns in the early eighteenth century (Kauffman, 1952: 39-40). This specimen has an initial preceeding 'Gumpf' that might be a 'E'. "E (??). Gumpf" on obv, mostly bold VF; "Lancaster", partially double struck on rev, VF. All on AG 1818 Bust quarter. The marks were intended to mark Gumpf's guns. Only known specimen. UNIQUE EARLY C/m! Rare and desirable.

Brunk obv Plate, p. 253; "Lancaster" rev plate, p. 108. While Rulau provided the attribution, it didn't make it into his recent edition. As a unique, early PA token, it is probably worth $1000-2000+.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

425. "?. Gwinner." Previously listed under G. Winner, Bold VF/XF c/m in arc; on good 1856 Seated Quarter. Only known specimen.


X-REF: S-MA Agricultural Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 * Image-1 * --

426. (MA) "H W C" Rare Hard Times. Rulau Hard Times Token 184. Attributed by some to MA, as one known silver specimen reads: 'HWC/Mass'. Also known with '1/Pt' and '2/Pt', so the stamp was possibly used to make picker tokens later. VF c/m; on brown AG 1829 Large Cent. Only known example of this variety. Rulau (1997:111) lists the piece as a HTT, but doesn't think the pieces with 'pt' are related to it. But it appears the stamps are the same, except the earlier one has periods following the individual letters. Rare.

Brunk Plate. Rulau 7/98: "not HTT!".


X-REF: S-IN Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

427. IN Hammond: Mrs. T. Hammond. See Brunk PLATE, p. 254. "Mrs. T. Hammond,/Hammond, Ind./To/J.F. Moulton." Very Fine letter punches; on slick AG Seated quarter (wrongly listed as on half dollar). Mrs. T. Hammond was the wife of Thomas Hammond, the gentleman for whom the town of Hammond, IN was named. This naming occured in the mid-1870's at the request of the Post Office. The question of which name was narrowed down to two choices. Marcus M. Towle, the founder of the town, hoped the town would be named for him. Thomas Hammond, a brother of George Hammond, a partner of Towle, was a man of stature in the area, and put in his claim for "Hammond". The issue was decided when the two met and flipped a coin. Towle served as the first mayor (1884-88) and Hammond as the second mayor (1888-93).


X-REF: S-MA Coins: Colonial Washington, George Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

428. "I. Harris". Double struck, "ris" very weak, otherwise F/VF; on Washington colonial Cent copper (Baker 6), brown AG/G. Only known specimen. RARE denomination for c/m!


X-REF: S-WI Hotel/Motel Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

429. WI Lacrosse: Hatch's Restaurant. E.A. Hatch operated the Aldine Restaurant. He struck very elaborate c/ms, as if made from a stamp intended to make struck tokens. "Hatch's/-.-/Restaurant/Cor Main, & 3rd Sts./-.-/Lax, Wis." VF c/m; on Good 1867 shield nickel.

Brunk Plate (center); Journal of American Culture, 1991 "Coins Stamped with Advertising: A Forgotten Chapter of Nineteenth Century Midwestern History" plate. Rulau values at $60/F, $90/VF. A VG 1867 nickel specimen brought $121 in the Nov 1993 B&M sale.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

430. "E.C. Hatch." A prolific late issuer of c/m coins, about whom nothing is yet known. VF c/m; on worn-date AG two-cent.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

431. "H. Heaselden". Bold VF/XF c/m on BOTH SIDES; on beat-up AG 1818 Large Cent. One of 4 known, the latest known dated 1841.

Brunk Plate, p. 86, top of right column.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant S-NY Large Cent & Half Cent related * Image-1 * --

432. (NY: Syracuse) "B.C. Hoff". Rulau now attributes these to Syracuse, NY, ca. 1880. While usually struck twice, this specimen is only struck once, VF c/m; on nice brown VG 1846 Large Cent. One of only 4 known on Large Cents.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant S-NY

433. (NY: Syracuse) "B.C. Hoff". Struck twice, one VF, the other incomplete; on nice Fine 1854 Seated quarter.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

434. (NY: Syracuse) "B.C. Hoff". Struck twice, both VG c/m; on nice VG 1857 Seated quarter.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant S-NY

435. (NY: Syracuse) "B.C. Hoff". Struck twice, both F/VF c/m; on nice VG 1858 Seated quarter.


X-REF: S-WI Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant S-NY * Image-1 * --

436. (NY: Syracuse) "B.C. Hoff". Struck twice, XF c/m; on Walsh's General Store Hard Times Token (Low 99), G/VG, but lots of scratches (see photo). Only known specimen on HTT.

Brunk Plate. Rulau 7/98: "struck after 1880"


X-REF: S-MA Gunsmith/Guns/Pistols Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

437. (MA: Chicopee Falls) Enos Hoover. Rulau suggests Hoover was a gunsmith in Chicopee Falls, since the eagle resembles the stamp the Mass. Arms Co. used to mark its guns. "Enos Hoover/1851/(eagle)" Individual letter punch, VF-XF c/m; on Good 1851 Large Cent. Only known specimen for this variety; only one of another variety is known, which is dated 1850, but does not have the eagle. Rare.

Brunk Plate; Rulau Plate. Probably worth $200-300+, but no recent auction records exist.


X-REF: S-MD Patent Medicine Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Bust US Half Dollar * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

438. (MD: Baltimore) Houck's Panacea. Hard Times 141. Jacob Houck was born in Frederick, MD, and moved to Baltimore in 1828, where he had a dry goods store at 121 W Baltimore St. In 1834 he started selling his panacea, and advertised in the 1835 to 1842 city directories that it was prepared solely from vegetable matter. A bottle cost $1.50, and Houck stated a liberal discount would be given to those buying for resale. Eventually his shop was located at No. 16, the corner of German and Hanover Sts. In 1851 Henry T. Houck became proprietor of the business. He must have sold the rights to produce the medicine, as a bottle exists with a Goddletsville, TN address, with another made in Nashville. The 1855 Nashville city directory carried an ad by A.G. Goodlet (presumably Goodletsville was named for his family) who stated he now sold Houck's Panacea, popular in both the South and North. "Houck's/Panacea/Baltimore" BAR-PUNCH, in loaf shaped indentation. Bold, clear VF c/m fully in field; on choice Fine 1834 Bust Half Dollar. One of the most sought after US c/m, a classic collected for over a century! Also listed as Hard Times Token R-141.

A lower grade 1832 example sold for $665 in the Stacks Sept. 1996 sale. An 1835 half in a recent Bowers & Merena sale brought $1452, substantially above the values in Brunk & Rulau.


X-REF: S-MD Patent Medicine Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

439. Houck's Panacea BOTTLE. RARE wonderful large round bottle, with large letters embossed vertically "Houck's/Patent/Panacea/Baltimore" Light green tint, 6.5" tall, 3+" wide, iridescent, uneven, large pontil off at base (as made), minor crack at mouth. With label from the Greer collection, sold by Harmer-Rooke, NY. See Rulau PLATE, 1997; 104. Nice condition! Excellent display item! Rare!

$450.00-500.00+

Brunk reports RARE, one of only 3 seen in 20 years. Rulau plate of this specimen, p.104; Journal of American Culture, 1991, "Coins Stamped with Advertising: A Forgotten Chapter of 19th Century Midwestern History" plate.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

440. "H.W. Houghton". Struck twice, at angles, on obv (G,VF); once on rev (XF). On Good 1858 Flying Eagle cent. Only known specimen on FE cent, one of 3 total. Unusual in not being all capital letters.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

441. "G.M. Houston". Nice style c/m form one stamp of finely made letters. VF c/m; on AG/G 1845 Seated dime, apparently holed and plugged below c/m. One of 3 known.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: S-VT Scale/Weighing machine Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

442. (VT: Brandon) "Howe's/Improved". Howe's manufactured its "Improved Scales" in Brandon, and advertised they were the best in use. Two separate lines, VF c/m, on nice brown VG 1848 Large Cent. Only known specimen. Very Rare, Unique!

Brunk Plate, p. 259; Rulau Plate. Also see Howe's Centennial shellcard, Lot 156. Probably worth $500-800+, but no auction records exist.


X-REF: Patent Office/Patents S-MA Tool Maker/Metal Worker Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

443. (MA: Cambridgeport) "E. Howe, Jr. Pat./No/Sept 10, 1846". Elias Howe Jr. apparently manufactured window blinds, as in 1849 he and Chency Reed obtained a patent for an apparatus that opened outside blinds from inside a building. However, this c/m covers a different patent, and should be relatively easy to research! Struck twice on obv, first line curved, "No" short for "Number", with room for number to be punched in. Please research this piece for the Update, and see your name in print. Mostly bold F-XF, strikes do not overlap, and apparently is a single die-punch. On VG brown 1851 Large Cent, rim flattened by punches. Only known specimen of this variety; one known of other variety. Rare! Rulau 1997; 212.

Rulau Plate. Rulau lists as $200, but that is likely too low, as there is no auction record on this unique piece.


X-REF: Female-Related/Woman (not suffrage) Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

444. "Jennie/Hubbs". One of the few countermarks issued by a woman. As Bowers points out, one of the few c/m with a first name. 5 known, latest dated 1867. Bold VF c/m; on Good C-N Indian Cent.


X-REF: S-ME S-ID Saloon (on item) Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

445. "Hunt & Moore". A clue to the identity of this issuer comes from TAMS maverick 5007, listing Hunt & Moore as 'proprietors'. Apparently these c/m were for a saloon in business during and shortly after the Civil War. Rulau contends the stamp was made by the Stranges of Bangor, ME, but enigmatically assigns the struck tokens to Burke, ID (1997:469) Bold VF c/m; on nice brown VG 1864 two-cent.


X-REF: S-MD Early American Tokens 1700-1832 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Bust US Half Dollar * Image-1 * --

446. "F. Hunt". Struck twice, one VF, other weak VG, in fields (see Brunk photo). On nice, clean AG-Good to Fine at edges, 1806 Draped Bust Half Dollar, with prominent die-break through date, stars. Only known example on half; one of 3 known. Rare.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: Patent Office/Patents Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

447. "F.O. Hunt". VF c/m; on VG 1868 Three-cent Nickel (scarce denomination for c/m). Only known specimen on 3 cent, 4 total.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: S-MO Bust US Coinage: 5/10/25c Slave/Slavery Tool Maker/Metal Worker Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

448. (MO: St Louis): 'I.B.B.' Isaac B. Burbbayge. Burbbayge was first listed in the St. Louis business directory of 1839, and advertised a wide variety of goods, including maps of western rivers, and negro slaves. In the 1840 directory he was listed as a partner in Burbbayge & Keller, which manufactured tin and copper goods at 160 N Main St. "I B B/St. Louis/Mo" Partially weak Fine c/m; on dark AG 1834 Bust Dime.

Rulau values at $150, but worth more, as bust coinage c/m are uncommon. An IBB on a Good 1807 two reales brought $880 in the Nov 1993 B&M auction.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

449. "I" "E". Deep, bold XF c/m on rev; on AG 1805 Large Cent. Only known specimen.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

450. "J. G." Large, bold XF c/m; on F/VF 1863 C-N Indian Cent. One of 3 known on Indian cents.

Brunk Plate, p. 261.


X-REF: Masonic: Medals Masonic: Souvenir Tokens, Events Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

451. "J.V.P./(Masonic square & compass). VF c/m all on bust; on 1797/6 Mexico real, nice Good, top hole. There are only a few c/m with Masonic symbols.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

452. "Jones". Bold XF c/m; on Good 1863 C-N Indian Cent. Only one known on Indian cent, 4 total.


X-REF: S-PA Hotel/Motel Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

453. (PA) Philadelphia: Jones Exchange Hotel. "Jones/Exchange/Hotel/77 Dock St/Phila" Double struck on rev, "Jones" weak, otherwise VF/XF c/m; on AG 1794-Guatemala two reales, holed at top. Large letter variety (See Brunk plate, right). Rulau notes merchant c/m on Guatemala mint coins are very scarce.

Rulau values common mint two reales at $225/VF, not priced in XF.


X-REF: S-PA Gunsmith/Guns/Pistols Tool Maker/Metal Worker Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

454. "D.A. Jones". This is apparently a gunsmith or tool-maker mark as the model year '1846' appears on 2 other examples. Bold VF, 'O' broken; on nice brown VG 1842 Large Cent. One of 4 known on Large Cents.

Brunk Plate, left. Ex-Kirtley, Oct 1984, lot 251.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

455. "K & V P". VF c/m; on nice AG/G 1801 Large Cent. Only known specimen.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

456. ". Keel". First letter off, deep bold VF/XF c/m on rev; on Good 1859 CN Indian Cent.


X-REF: S-CT Lock/Lock-smith/Safe/Padlock/Key Gunsmith/Guns/Pistols Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

457. (CT: Hartford) "E. Kellogg". Beginning in 1859 E.C. Kellog was a gunsmith, locksmith and bellhanger in Hartford, CT. This is probably one of his stamps. Curved c/m variety, bold VF/XF c/m; on nice VG/F 1846 Large Cent. One of 4 known on large cents; 6 total.

Brunk Plate: Stain is more noticeable in photo, than on coin!


X-REF: S-MD Tool Maker/Metal Worker Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

458. (MD: Baltimore) "C. Kidd". Probably one of the stamps of Charles Kidd, who ran an edge tool factory in Baltimore on Pratt St 'At the Sign of the Axe'. during the 1850's. See the Update for Kidd's advertisement. Large, bold XF c/m, but bottom of "DD" weak; on AG 1848 Large Cent. One of two known, both on large cents.

Brunk Plate. Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: S-MA Patent Medicine Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

459. (MA: Boston) Dr. Moses Warren Kidder. Dr. Kidder proved to be a very difficult individual to identify with certainty because his patent medicines were sold by someone else! The well-informed initial attribution was to Dr. James Kidder, a doctor and druggist whose patent medicines were sold by his second wife, Elizabeth Ann Goldsmith Kidder. She advertised Kidder's Dysentery Cordial and other medicines in the 1845 city directory (See next lot for a bottle). That seemed the correct attribution until Dr. Craig Blackstone recently discovered that the physician in question was actually Dr. Moses Warren Kidder, also of Boston. In the 1845 Boston directory, D. Taylor, Jr. & Company, advertised Dr. Kidder's Celebrated Family Pills for 'cure of fevers, liver complaints, costiveness, and all complaints where a purgative medicine is required.' Another of Taylor's advertisements in the May 1854 Boston Evening Transcript noted the pills were 'prepared only by D. Taylor, Jr. & Co.' Taylor's 1854 directory listing indicates his short lived association with Kidder: 'Taylor David jr. & co. (M.W. Kidder), medicines and fancy goods, 25 Hanover, house 31 Crescent place.' In 1855 Dr. Moses Kidder was selling patent medicines at 11 Central Street and living in Lowell. By 1858 Kidder had joined his father's practice and by the early 1870's was not only listed as a physican in Lowell, but also as an agent for the American Improved Gas Light Company. Furthermore: 'his services as chemical expert in law cases were in frequent demand'. "Use Dr. Kidder's./Family Pills", in curved lines. Nice VF c/m; on choice brown Fine 1840 Large Cent. See article by Craig Blackstone TAMS 1997: 61-63, where this piece is plated.

Brunk Plate, FULL-PAGE Plate, p. 101. William Swoger, "Genealogical Numismatic Resarch", TAMS 1991, plate. Ex-Koppenhaver, June, 1978, lot 129. No price records since the c/m was correctly identified.


X-REF: Medicine/Medical Patent Medicine Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

460. Mrs. Kidder BOTTLE. Choice, original bottle, with large, raised letters: "Mrs. E. Kidder/Dysentery/Cordial/Boston" vertically, all on light green round bottle, flared top lip, side seams and pontil, 7.5" tall, 3" dia. Choice XF. Wonderful display piece! See Rulau 1997; 210.

$350.00-400.00+

From the Harmer-Rooke Auction on antique bottles. The only specimen found by Brunk, Rare! Similar in style to the HOUCK bottle (see photo in Rulau, 1997: 104).


X-REF: Patent Medicine S-NY Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

461. Kilmer's Swamp Root Patent Medicine Bottle. Large 8.25" light green bottle, raised lettering "The Great/Dr./Kilmer's/Swamp/Root/Kidney/Liver &/Bladder/Remedy," "Binghamton, N.Y." Front lettering is relief in a depressed liver! Cork top. About XF, no chips, some flaws in glass. Nice display item.

$20.00-40.00+

With photocopies of Swamp Root Almanac, info.


X-REF: Tool Maker/Metal Worker S-IL S-MI Tool Maker/Metal Worker Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

462. (IL: Skokie) Klein Tools. This large tool making company was founded in 1857. Today it has manufacturing plants in Skokie and Roselle, IL, as well as Jonesville, MI. Interesting round die, struck over cent. "Klein" vertically, to left of man standing, wearing hat, with pole; to right "Tool" vertically; below "Est. 1857/Trade Mark/Reg.", all in circle. Bold XF c/m; on rev of Lincoln cent, rev shows incuse impression. Only known specimen.


X-REF: S-MD Saloon (on item) Soda/Soda Fountain/Soda Water Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

463. (MD: Baltimore) Knight's Mineral Water Saloon. Albert Knight sold mineral water on the corner of Eagle and Hamilton streets, and later at 99 Baltimore St. until 1860. During the Civil War he sold mineral water to the Army Quartermasters Dept. He died in New Bern, NC in 1863. "A. Knight's/Mineral/Water Saloon/99/Balto Street" Partially weak at edges, otherwise F/VF c/m; on 1777 Lima two reales, nice AG.

Color Cover Photo. A similar example on a AG 1808 two reales sold for $227 in the 1985 B&M sale.


X-REF: S-MA Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

464. (MA?) "Knowles." Brunk suggests a likely issuer was the Knowles Steam Pump Works of Warren, MA. Even VG/F c/m; on 17?? Charles IV two reales, nice Good. One of the few c/m in italics.

Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: S-PA Game Counters (U.S.) Kossuth: Louis Kossuth Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

465. (PA) Philadelphia Kossuth Exchange. James K. Thomas was the manager of the Kossuth Exchange, named after Louis Kossuth, known as the 'George Washington of Hungary'. He lead an unsuccesful revolt against the Hapsburgs in 1848, and toured the U.S. on a speaking tour in 1851 and 1852. "Kossuth/Exchange/J/Thomas/K/.Philada.", in circle (see Brunk photo). Mostly VF/XF c/m, left side weak; on AG 1782-Mo one real, small hole. One of only 3 known on one real; two are holed.

Brunk Plate, right. See lot 3172 for a Kossuth game counter and lot 1470 for another piece. Rulau values at $450/VF. See the April 1998 Numismatist article.


X-REF: S-MD Theater/Drama/Vaudeville/Opera/Minstrel Lind: Jenny Lind Lincoln, Abraham Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

466. (MD: Baltimore) "Kunkel's/Opera Troupe". At one time John Wilkes Booth was part of George Kunkel's company at the Jenny Lind Theater in Richmond. In 1855 he moved to Baltimore, and there managed a number of establishments, which included the Holliday St and Old Front St Theaters. In the late 1850's his Baltimore company became known as the Kunkel's Opera Troupe, specializing in minstrel shows. This is the 2 line variety. Mostly bold VF/XF, but "upe" weak; on AG 1777 Lima reale. One of only 2 known on one real.

From Coin Galleries, Feb 1993, Lot 2026. Color Cover Photo. A similar VF c/m on a F 1772 two reales brought $250 in the March 1989 B&M sale.


X-REF: Bust US Coinage: 5/10/25c US Mint Other Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Early American Tokens 1700-1832 * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

467. The Enigmatic "L" on 1825/4 Overdate Quarter. These countermarks have been facinating numismatists since the Dec 1881 John Haseltine auction, which featured a number of coins apparently from the DuBois Collection. William DuBois, Chief Curator of the US Mint Collection, died in 1881, and coins in his collection were dispersed by dealers. This may explain why there are no records of the c/m prior to 1881. They were described by Frank Duffield in his 1919 Numismatist article, who noted the letters "E" and "L" on 1815 and 1825 quarters. They are commonly sought by bust quarter collectors, as well as c/m collectors. Duffield suggests they are US Mint trial strikes. Like the 1848 CAL c/m on quarter eagles that announced the discovery of gold in California, these letters were stamped while the coin rested on the reverse anvil die. Karl Moulton observed both the letters "E" and "L" appear to be from Mint punches of the sort used to make the dies for the 1807 quarter dies. Moulton suggests that John Reich, Assistant Engraver of the Mint in 1815, himself stamped the letters into the coins as part of the test process he used in redesigning the Bust quarter, ca. 1815. Moulton further suggests following the death of the Chief Engraver in 1823 and the resignation of the Director in 1824, William Kneass was left doing most of the work. Kneass may then have asked his old friend John Reich to work on the current 1825 quarters. Whoever did the stamping, both years were stamped the same, with the coins resting on the dies when the stamping was done. As is apparent from this explanation, there is some difficulty in explaining why the stamping was done on coins 10 years apart. The auctioneer suggests the possibility that the 1815 dies were dusted off and used in 1825 to strike more coins. As these coins were obviously struck and counterstamped in the Mint, it would be only a modest strech to suggest all were struck in 1825. Bold VF/XF c/m; on Choice, attractively toned About Uncirculated 1825/4 Overdate Bust quarter. Obverse nice even light golden brown, reverse also nice, iridescent golden around devices, sharp and bold. One of only 3 known on 1825 quarters. While a hoard existed in 1881, they are quite Rare today. The full page description in the 10 June 1996 Stack's sale stated: "Of all the "L" and "E" counterstamped quarters, the rarest is the 1825 with an "L" Counterstamp". In that sale an 1825 in AU, lot 1547 (not described as an overdate) realized $3932.

Ex-Bowers and Merena Dodson sale, lot 4432 (tag included). Brunk Plate. Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: S-MD Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

468. "W.S. Lacey" and "C.H. Johnson". Two line punches, first bold VF, second weak G/VG, last letter "n" not showing. On AG 1840 Large Cent, rev scratches. Only known specimen of Lacey on cent, total of 2 known of Johnson.

Brunk Plate. Ex-TMC, Feb 1979, lot 313.


X-REF: S-PA Silversmith/Goldsmith Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

469. (PA: Philadelphia) "G. Lee". Possibly the hallmark of George Lee, silversmith in Philadelphia from the 1830's to 1850's. One other known on CWT. Mostly strong VF c/m; on 1801 Lima 8 Reales, G/VG, holed at bottom, minor dings/scr. Unusual denomination for c/m.

Brunk Plate, p. 268. Ex-Kirtley, June 1985, lot 806. Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: S-PA Silversmith/Goldsmith Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 * Image-1 * --

470. (PA: Philadelphia) William Levis (EAT Pa72). This is the curved ribbon hallmark of William Levis, who was born in 1785 and died in 1842. See Brunk & Rulau 1997; 51 for more information on this silversmith. While Rulau lists this in the Early American section, these were issued through the 1830's and are also Hard Times Tokens. Some examples of the curved ribbon variety, such as this specimen, show degeneration on the left side of the ribbon. "W. Levis", on curved ribbon BAR-PUNCH, the scarcer of the two varieties. Partially weak VG c/m; on worn AG 1796 Lima two reales. An important stamp.

Brunk Plate. Rulau 1997: EAT Pa72, p.51


X-REF: S-PA Silversmith/Goldsmith Early American Tokens 1700-1832 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

471. (PA: Philadelphia) William Levis. As above, but second variety of this Hard Times Token, in rectangular BAR-PUNCH. "W. Levis" hallmark. Fine c/m, with some scratches on c/m; on AG brown 1819 Large Cent.

Rulau EAT Pa80, ca. 1836, 1997; p.51.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

472. "C.J. Lewis." Tops of c/m weak, otherwise VF c/m; on F/VF 1857 Flying Eagle cent. One of only 2 known on FE cents.


X-REF: S-KY Silversmith/Goldsmith Gunsmith/Guns/Pistols Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

473. KY Lexington "Lex. Ky." This is a part of a silversmith or gunsmith's mark, but at present it is not clear whose! Nice VF c/m; on nice AG/G 1813 Santiago mint two reales. Only known specimen on two reales; 4 total known of two varieties. A good candidate for research by Kentucky specialists.

Brunk Plate. Probably worth $100-150.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

474. "F.M. Long". Struck 3 times on obv (two bold XF, one partial), once on rev (weak Fine); on worn AG Seated quarter. Only known specimen.


X-REF: S-NY Gunsmith/Guns/Pistols Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

475. (NY: Hamilton) "E.W. Loomis". This seems to be the mark of Earl Loomis, a Hamilton, NY gunsmith ca. 1850. Loomis specialized in percussion hunting rifles. Both the c/m 'E. Loomis' and 'E.W. Loomis' appear to be by the same issuer. F/VF c/m, numerous scratches over/around c/m; on AG brown 1851 Large Cent.

No recent auction records.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant S-NY

476. (NY?) "S. Loomis". Bold VF/XF c/m; on nice VG/F 1845 Large Cent. Only known specimen on Large cent; one of 3 total known. The letter style is quite similar to the c/ms of E.W. Loomis, and they were likely relatives.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: Wine/Whiskey/Spirts other than beer Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

477. (AL: Montgomery): "Lovett's/Private Stock/Whiskey". These are interesting marks that date from the 1870's or later. They advertise specific products, as Henry C. Thoele just discovered an advertisement for Warren P. Lovett's 'Copper Distilled Private Stock Whiskey' in the 1878 Montgomery AL directory. One specimen is known with 'Cigars' in place of 'Whiskey'. Another similar type stuck token was recently reported for 'Kelly's Private Stock High Balls' (Rulau 1997:831 from Columbus OH). Clear F/VF c/m, a couple of letters weak; on worn AG 1857 Seated quarter. Only one known on quarter, others known on silver dollars. Rulau 1997; 695.

Brunk Plate (too light, coin shows up better than in photo). Rulau 1997; 695. One on a Good 1882-O dollar brought $347 in the Nov 1993 B&M sale. Rulau assigns to KY as they advertise Kentucky Whiskey (1999).


X-REF: S-MD China Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

478. (MD) Baltimore Lyon-Hall Company. An unusual piece, on a Chinese Cash! The Lyon-Hall Co sold carpets and matting, listed in city directories until 1894. Obv: "China - Lyon-Hall & Co. - Japan./Baltimore."; rev: "China - India - Japan./Matting Importers." F/VF c/m; on hard-to-grade Fine Chinese cash.

Color Cover Photo. Rulau values at $50-75.


X-REF: School/School Lunchroom Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

479. "M H S" Monogram. Brunk suggests this is 'M... High School', souvenirs of the 1903 graduation. Intertwined letters, in small circle, all die raised; on flattened 1903 Indian cent. Two known.


X-REF: S-PA S-MO Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

480. (MO: Independence) "Manley/Presses". A recent ad for a used 75 ton Manley Hydrolic Press led to Manley Tool & Mfg Co. of Independence MO. Die stamped, raised letters, both lines curved. About Fine, all "S" weak; on 1904 Liberty Nickel, flattened Good. Only known specimen.

Brunk Plate, p. 271. Ex-Fayetteville, March, 1970, lot 666.


X-REF: Indians/American Native Indians S-CT Military: Revolutionary War Military: Buttons: CW/Earlier S-MA Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

481. (CT: Meridian) Manning, Bowman & Company. Probably from a pre-Civil War military button die stamp for the MA State Militia, made by Manning, Bowman & Co. (Re: Bowers). The firm was founded in Middletown, CT, in the 1840's, and moved to Meriden in 1872, making a wide variety of metal goods. See Update for reproduction of company ad. "(Standing Indian with bow and spear/arrow)", which is the MA state seal. VG/F c/m; on AG 1828 Half Cent. One of 3 known on half cents. Latest known date of c/m coin is 1835.

Brunk Plate, p. 201.


X-REF: S-VA Hotel/Motel Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

482. (VA) Alexandria Mansion House. A rare ante-bellum southern merchant c/m. James Green was the proprietor beginning in 1841. "Mansion/House/Alexa". Issued pre-Civil War, as another variety has the date '1857'. Three separate line punches; last "A" smaller; last line also lightly stamped under second. Clear VF c/m, a few letter tops weak; on 1858 Flying Eagle Cent, worn AG. Only known specimen with this line arrangement, only known piece on FE cent.

Ex-Koppenhaver, May 1986, lot 359. Rulau values at $100-150.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

483. "E.C. Marsh." Bold XF c/m; on nice brown VG 1851 Large Cent. Issued around 1855, but nothing else is known about this merchant.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

484. (MA: Rehoboth?) "J.W. Mason". Possibly a stamp of James W. Mason, who was a blacksmith in Rehoboth, MA (Pollak, 1994:252). Bold XF c/m; on worn AG 1856 Seated Quarter. Only known specimen on quarter, one of 5 total known.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

485. "W.T. McCoy". Struck on BOTH SIDES. Line under first "C", bold VF/XF c/m; on worn AG 1860 C-N Indian Cent. Only known specimen.


X-REF: S-OH Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

486. OH Oxford: J. McHannon. With a name like McHannon, it should not be difficult to obtain full information on this merchant. There are no persons of this name listed in my CD-ROM of some 80 million names! "J. McHannon/Oxford, O." "C" small; bold XF c/m; on nice darkish brown VG/F 1838 Large Cent, holed by date. Only known specimen.

Brunk Plate, p. 273; Rulau Plate, p. 245. Rulau lists at $200, but there are no recent auction records for this unique piece.


X-REF: S-ME Gunsmith/Guns/Pistols Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

487. (ME: Biddeford) "J.F. McKenney" Gunsmith. J.F. worked with his father Henry in Biddeford, and later established shops in Bath and Saco. 'C' lower case (see photos). Mostly bold F/VF c/m, last two letters off head, only traces show; on nice brown G/VG 1827 Large Cent. One of only 3 specimens known with this line arrangement.

A longer version of McKenney's c/m on a 1854 cent sold for $385 in the Nov 1989 Coin Galleries auction.


X-REF: Bust US Coinage: 5/10/25c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Hard Times Tokens 1833-44

488. "D. McWain". An unlisted Hard Times Token, as the latest known specimen is dated 1838. "C" lower case, bold VF/XF c/m; on slick AG 1836 Bust quarter. Only known specimen on quarter, one of 4 total.

Rulau 7/98: "new HT #548, thin attribution!". Ex-Coin Galleries 11/15/89 sale, lot 3009, with tag. No auction records since recognized as a HTT, probably worth $300+.


X-REF: Civil War Tokens--Storecards S-OH S-MA Hotel/Motel S-CA Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

489. J.H. Metz's Hotel. With the information on this piece, it should be easy to identify! Please research it now for the Update! "J.H. Metz's/Hotel/N.E. Cor. Jeffn Av. & Fed. St.". Nice bold VF c/m; on dirty AG 1859 C-N Indian Cent. Only known specimen on CN cent, one of 4 total. Rare! Desirable! Probably a Civil War Token.

Jim Hemphill reports there are both a Jefferson Ave and Federal St in: Akron OH; Baltimore; Boston; Lynn MA; Richmond VA; Rochester NY; Salem MA; San Francisco; Springfield MA, and Toledo OH. Check your city directories around the Civil War! Color Cover Photo. As a maverick, Rulau values at $150; identified it should be worth much more.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Hotel/Motel Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

490. "Miller House." A fairly prolific issuer in the 1870's, but its location is not yet known. F/VF c/m; on Good 1876 Seated Quarter.

Brunk Plate, left. While most of Rulau's values for c/m are too low, his value of $150 for this may be too high.


X-REF: S-NY Barber/Haircut/Shave/Shaving Patent Medicine Chile Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

491. (NY: New York City) "L. Millers/Hair/Invigorator". Miller began as a hairdresser at 295 Bowery St. Very Bold VF/XF, last letter missing; on CHOICE VG Chile 1810 two reales. ONLY known merchant c/m on the RARE Chile two reales with imaginary laureate bust of Ferdinand VIII (KM-74 RARE). One of only 2 known specimens with this line arrangement. Nice! RARE c/m, RARE coin! CHOICE, NEAT!

Brunk Plate, FULL-PAGE Plate, p. 121. Color Cover Photo. TAMS Aug 1990 plate. Probably worth $500-750+.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

492. "Moore". F/VF c/m; on AG 1870 two-cent. Another specimen is known on quarter, but it may not be the same punch.


X-REF: S-MA Lock/Lock-smith/Safe/Padlock/Key Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

493. (MA): Boston E.R. Morse. According to the 1849 New England Mercantile Business Directory E.R. Morse was a locksmith at 5 Union St. Listed in Arnall (1996) as a maker of padlocks. "E.R. Morse/Union St./Boston", three line punches. Bold VF c/m, on worn AG 1802(?) Large Cent, some rim damage. Rare, only known specimen.

Brunk Plate, p.277; Rulau plate. Ex-Koppenhaver, June 1977, lot 317. Probably worth $300+, but no recent auction records are on this unique piece.


X-REF: S-TN Watch/Clock/Jewelry Related Jewelers Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Optical/Optician Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

494. TN Memphis: Muller, Spectacles Mfgr. The 1860 Memphis city directory listed in an elaborate advertisement the Mullers as jewelers, opticians and watch makers at 341 Main St. "C. Muller & Bro./Memphis, Tenn./Imprvd'/Spectacles/Manufacturers", seperate line punches. F/VF c/m; on toned G/VG 1855-O Seated Half Dollar. One of 4 known. RARE! A rare pre-Civil War southern c/m.

The lesser grade VanOrmer specimen brought $495 in the 1985 B&M sale.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 * Image-1 * --

495. "D. Munson". Probably a Hard Times Token period c/m. BAR-PUNCH, bold XF c/m; on AG/G 1830 Seated Dime. Possibly a relative of the issuer of the next lot.

As a HTT, worth $150-250+. Rulau 7/98: "This one not to be listed as yet."


X-REF: Bust US Coinage: 5/10/25c Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 S-CT Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

496. (CT: Yalesville?) "O.H. Munson". Hard Times era c/m. Curved BAR-PUNCH also reported on 1805 quarter, 1824 cent, 1838 half-dollar and Hard Times Token. The edges have the small saw-toothed design characteristic of certain peweterer touchmarks. A comparison to the photo in Kerfoot's "American Peweter" shows this c/m is similar in letter style to the touchmark of John Munson, who was active in Yalesville, CT, ca. 1846-52 and later. O.H. Munson was likely an earlier relative. A piece ripe for more research by a CT specialist. Mostly bold VF c/m, first/last letters missing/weak; on AG 1834 Bust Half-dime. Scarce!

Rulau assigns new HTT number 550, 7/98. Brunk Plate, p. 278. Previoulsy unlisted in Rulau, probably worth $400-600.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

497. "F. Murkland, Jr." Nice VF c/m, "Jr." raised slightly above line of rest; on Good 1854 arrows Seated quarter. Only known example.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

498. "R.B. Muzzy". Bold XF c/m; on VG/F 1837 Large cent, harshly cleaned. Likely issued ca. 1856, as that is the latest coin known.

Brunk Plate. With a name like this, it should be identifiable.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant S-NY * Image-1 * --

499. (NY: Auburn) "Court Myers." The recent discovery of a longer version of this merchant's countermark identifies his location as Auburn, NY. VF c/m; on AG 1865 Indian Cent.

An uncommon town; probably worth $100-200.


X-REF: Coins: Colonial Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

500. "NL" & "B" on Wood's Coinage. Rare denomination for a c/m! Large VF "NL" on obv, "B" on rev; on 1723 Wood's Hibernia farthing, Dei. Gratia. Rex var., nice brown VG.

Ex-Whitford 23 Nov. 1991 sale, lot 1122.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

501. "J.N. Newton". VF c/m; on AG/G 1780-Mo two reales. One of only 3 known, all on two reales.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

502. "C.A. Norcross". Bold XF c/m; on nice brown VG+ 1864 two-cent. One of 2 known on two-cent; one of 4 total.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant S-OH S-GA Railroad/Train/Locomotive * Image-1 * --

503. "*/O & G/**" HTT 545. An enigmatic and popular c/m. Bold VF c/m; on VG/F 1835 Half cent, choice obv, rev mottled. Hard Times era c/m, as the latest known coin with this c/m is dated 1837. Originally attributed to the Ohio and Georgia Railroad, but no documentation has been found to confirm this. Clearly a trademark type c/m.

Newly listed by Rulau as #545, 7/98. Brunk Plate (left). Color Cover Photo. TAMS Aug 1990 plate. An example on a VF 1835 half-cent sold for $110 in Sept 1992 B&M sale.


X-REF: Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

504. "*/O & G/**". As above, VF c/m, outer ring a bit weak at right; on VG/F 1835 Half cent.


X-REF: Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Bust US Half Dollar * Image-1 * --

505. "I. Ockuly". A Hard Times Token or Early American era c/m. Listed under IOCKULY in Brunk, but just a trace shows of a first letter on star (Rulau 1997:314 lists as I Ockuly), second letter missing, balance on bust. Light trace of second strike shows. What shows of main c/m is VF; on nice VG 1832 Bust Half Dollar. Possibly unique if Rulau listing is the same as this coin.


X-REF: Patent Medicine Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

506. "Oil/of/Ice" Patent Medicine. Another popular patent medicine piece not yet identified. Despite checking numerous old advertisements and medical supply catalogs, no one has yet identified the issuer. Nice VF c/m; on VG 1858 Flying Eagle Cent.


X-REF: Patent Medicine Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

507. "Oil/of/Ice". As above, nice VF+ c/m; on VG 1859 CN Indian Cent.


X-REF: Patent Medicine Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

508. "Oil/of/Ice". As above, XF c/m; on Fine 1863 Indian Cent.

Brunk Plate (left). TAMS Aug 1990 plate. Rulau values at $90.


X-REF: Patent Medicine Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

509. "Oil/of/Ice". As above, F/VF c/m; on Fine 1869 Indian Cent.

Rulau Plate, p. 622.


X-REF: S-NY Other Engravers/DieSinkers/Medalist Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

510. (NY: New York City) "J.W. Orr". John W. Orr advertised he was a "designer, printer and engraver on wood" (see Brunk). Bold, large XF c/m; on AG/G 1870 two-cent. One of only 2 known on two-cent; 5 total.

Brunk Plate. Not in Rulau; probably worth $100-200.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

511. "C. Orth". A most unusual c/m because it is in reverse slanting italics, with upper and lower case. Nice VF c/m; on nice brown VG 1851 Large Cent. Issued ca 1856, as that is the latest dated coin.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

512. "I.P. Osgood". Struck 15 (!!) TIMES on obv/rev! VF/XF c/m's; on 1838(?) Large Cent. Unusual! Only known specimen.


X-REF: S-MO Photography/Tintype/Daguerreotype/Etc. Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Daguerreotype Tokens * Image-1 * --

513. (MO: St Louis) "J.J. Outley/Artist" DAGUERREOTYPE PHOTOGRAPHER. Outley was a Daguerreotype photographer in St Louis, first listed in the 1852 city directory (see Rulau). Bold Very Fine to Extremely Fine countermark, "s" weak, as the stamp appears to have broken; on choice Fine/VeryFine 1858 Seated Half Dollar. One of only 3 known and the Finest known example. RARE!

Brunk Plate; Journal of American Culture "Coins Stamped with Advertising: A Forgotten Chapter of Midwestern History", 1991, plate. Color Cover Photo. Rulau plate (left), valued at $225, but likely worth double or triple, for this best known specimen of this popular topic.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

514. "Owen Bros". Struck twice, at right angles, on slightly curved line, VF/XF c/m; on dark, dirty AG/G, pitted 1851 Large Cent, holed. Only known specimen.


X-REF: S-MA Gunsmith/Guns/Pistols Other Engravers/DieSinkers/Medalist Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 * Image-1 * --

515. (MA: Springfield) Richard Paine GUNSMITH Unlisted HTT. A Hard Times Token (see Mass 521-3). Paine was born in 1806, and worked for the Ames Mfg Co. and later as a Navy arms inspector. He advertised in the Springfield directory as a 'stamp cutter, die sinker, and inspector of arms'. "By R. Paine/Springfield" Partially weak VG/VF c/m; on fully slick silver coin, attempted top hole, Brunk states Half-real. Gunsmith, engraver. Only one known on half-real, one of only 4 known with this line arrangement. The latest of his c/ms is on an 1830 cent. Rare. See the cover of the Brunk softbound book on American Countermarks for his advertisement.

Rulau 7/98: "Add to Paine listings, needs research". Rulau doesn't list on half-real, but values at $75-250. Possibly an Early American Token.


X-REF: S-NY Bawdy House/Whore House (not flippers) Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Theater/Drama/Vaudeville/Opera/Minstrel Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

516. NY New York City Parisian Varieties. 'The Parisian Varieties, formerly Robinson Hall, has opened with good promise, and seems likely to offer a lively and attractive entertainment' (from the 15 Sept. 1875 New York Times). After opening in Sept 1875, it quickly failed as a theater and became a burlesque house, advertised its 'fifty handsome young ladies' had 'the higest order of artistic talent.' Their repertoire included 'Legs on the Brain' and 'Satan's Vendue', closing in Oct 1876. "Parisian/Varieties/16. St & B'way. N.Y." Nice VF c/m; on choice F/VF 1875 Seated Half Dollar.


X-REF: S-NY Bawdy House/Whore House (not flippers) Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Theater/Drama/Vaudeville/Opera/Minstrel Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

517. NY New York City Parisian Varieties. As above. Bold VF/XF c/m; on AG 1874 arrows Seated Quarter.

Color Cover Photo. Rulau values at $200/VF.


X-REF: S-KY Silversmith/Goldsmith Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

518. (KY: Louisville?) "J. Park". A possible issuer was John Park, known to have been active as a silversmith in Louisville, ca. 1848, and died in 1858. Unfortunately, none of the standard hallmark directories illustrate his mark. Regular incuse bold XF c/m; on Good 1854 arrows Half-Dime. Only known specimen.


X-REF: S-ME Tool Maker/Metal Worker Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

519. (ME: Bangor) Benjamin Parker. Parker was a brass founder and general metal worker. See the long writeup in Brunk, quoting Walter Gould, who knew Parker as a child during the Civil War, and actually witnessed him c/ming these coins! This is one of the best known US c/ms, featured by Frank Duffield in the 1919 Numismatist. "B. Parker" Bold XF c/m; on Good 1840 Large Cent. Only known specimen on 1840 cent.

Brunk Plate; ex-Maurice Gould (plated), Sol Taylor auction, Feb, 1977, lot 5.95. Rulau values at $40/VF, n/l in XF.


X-REF: S-ME Tool Maker/Metal Worker Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

520. (ME: Bangor) Benjamin Parker. As above, VF c/m, bottoms of letters weak; on brown VG/F 1850 Large Cent, minor scratches.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

521. "D.S. Parker". VF c/m; on VG 1857 Flying Eagle Cent. Only known specimen.


X-REF: S-MO Bust US Coinage: 5/10/25c Early American Tokens 1700-1832 Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

522. (MO) St Louis Penney UNIQUE Hard Times Token. Probably a Hard Times Token! It should be possible to track this interesting piece down, even without a first name. Does someone have access to early St Louis directories? "Penney/St. Louis" Bold VF c/m; on slick AG Bust dime. Only known specimen. Very Rare, probably UNIQUE! Rulau 1997; 220.

Brunk Plate, p. 284; Rulau Plate, 1997; p.220 (USMT). Color Cover Photo. Rulau based his $200 price on Brunk's ca. 1985 estimate. See Rulau for other rare St. Louis HTT for price estimates. The IBB brought $880 in 1993; this should bring more.


X-REF: S-PA Silversmith/Goldsmith Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

523. (PA: Philadelphia) Samuel Hildeburn. Unlisted Hard Times Token (see 755). Samuel was born in 1810, and had a career as a silversmith. He is known to have been a partner in Hildeburn & Watson in 1810. This particular "Phila" stamp is an exact match to one of his hallmarks. As the latest date coin so marked is 1835, this is a HTT. Bold VF/XF c/m, small 'a'; on AG Classic Head Half Cent.

Rulau 1997:288, $200/VF.


X-REF: S-LA France Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

524. (LA) New Orleans Phillips Cheap Store. S. Phillips sold dry goods on Nayades St, according to the city directories of 1849 and 1850. In 1852 Nayades St was renamed St. Charles, so this must have been issued prior to 1852. "Phillips,/Cheap/Store./Nayades St/N.O." Bold VF/XF c/m; on AG worn-date French 5 Franc of Louis Philippe, obv scratches, esp in field, apparently a name scratched into the right field. A rare southern c/m and the only US c/m principally found on French coins.

From the 2/2/80 Koppenhaver auction, lot 127. Color Cover Photo. Rulau values at $300/VF, but this specimen much nicer than Rulau plates.


X-REF: S-NY Tool Maker/Metal Worker Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

525. (NY: Vernon) A. Phister. Another piece that should be easily identifiable! "A. Phister/Vernon, N.Y." Two line punches, VF/XF c/m; on dark AG 1848 Large Cent, pitted. First letter is partial. Only known specimen with this line arrangement, one of 2 total (the other has 'Maker', so he was probably a metal or gunsmith).

Rulau values at $125, but probably worth more as the only known token from this town.


X-REF: S-PA Elephants Made-from or Relic Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

526. (PA: Pittsburgh) Phosphor Bronze. See long writeups in Brunk and Rulau about this alloy, which was used to make wire and springs. "(elephant)/Phosphor-Bronze/No 7 Stubs/Spring" VF c/m; on planchet probably made of phosphor-bronze alloy, holed for attachment to the finished spring. Every example discovered to date has been unique, with different dates or numbers.

Brunk Plate. Rulau values at $50/VF.


X-REF: S-MA Patent Medicine Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

527. (MA: Boston) Pierce's Hair Tonic. Dr. William Pierce of Boston was a patent medicine dealer. "Good for/A Bottle/Pierce's/Rosetta/Hair Tonic", from two stamps. Mostly strong VF/XF c/m, a few letters weak; on nice AG/G 1797-M two reales, tiny top hole. One of only 2 known on Mexican two reales. Previously listed as made by Dr. George Pierce of Lowell, but recently attributed to Boston. The nicest known specimen!

Brunk Plate, FULL-PAGE Plate, p. 139. Ex-Koppenhaver auction 2/4/78, lot 85. Color Cover Photo. See Craig Blackstone article in the May 1998 Numismatist. A VG 1810 two reales brought $286 in the Nov 1993 B&M sale.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

528. "Ella/Pitts/L.A.P & J'L'M". With lots of stars, on planed off obv, XF individual letter punches; on XF Indian Cent.


X-REF: S-CA Drug/Pharmacy/Pharmaceutical Medicine/Medical Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

529. CA Sacramento: John Lozier Polhemus DRUGGIST. Polhemus was an early California pharmacist and pioneer, who moved to Sacramento during the gold rush of 1849. He was born in 1825 in New York City, moving to NJ in 1829, then on to Michigan in 1845, then to California in August of 1849. He first established his business across from the Magnolia Saloon in Sacramento, but quickly moved to 190 J. St, where he remained until his death. He occassionally traveled back East, marrying twice. He died in 1866, and his wife continued the business. "J.L. Polhemus/(mortar & pestle)/Druggist/190 J. St. Cor 7th/Sacramento Cal." F/VF c/m, left side very weak; on slick AG 1854 Seated Quarter. One of the most popular US c/m, collected for over a century. One of his c/m coins was recently recovered from the wreck of the Central America, which sank in a gale while returning to the East Coast from the California gold fields.

B&M sold an example on a 1858 half in Good for $250, March 1989. A AG 1837 dime brought $275 in the Nov 1993 B&M sale.


X-REF: S-CA Drug/Pharmacy/Pharmaceutical Medicine/Medical Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

530. CA Sacramento: James Polhemus. As above, VG/F c/m, first few letters missing; on slick AG 1856-S Seated Quarter.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 * Image-1 * --

531. "C.G. Pond" Unlisted Hard Times Token. Struck twice, bold VF-XF c/m; on VG 1839 Seated Quarter. Only known specimen on quarter, one of 4 total (corrected to 4 from 3 by Rulau, 7/98). This is the latest known date specimen, so it may be a HTT.

Brunk Plate. Rulau, 7/98: "Needs research. Known on 1831 cent"


X-REF: Barber US Coinage: 5/10/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

532. "Prall". VF c/m; on nice VF 1901 Barber Dime. One of 2 known on dimes, 3 total known. An unusally late c/m.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: S-MO Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Bust US Half Dollar

533. "J. Price". Double-struck, shifed/overlapping, bold VF/XF c/m; on nice VG 1825 Bust Half Dollar. Only known specimen on half, one of 2 known.


X-REF: Medicine/Medical Patent Medicine Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

534. Dr. Price BOTTLE. Rectangular druggist-style bottle, raised lettering: "Dr. Price's/Delicious/Flavoring Extracts", about 5.5" tall, XF.


X-REF: S-IL S-NY Masonic: U.S. Chapter Pennies Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

535. (IL: Chicago or NY: Brooklyn) Royal Arch Masons. "265/R.A.M." in triangle (a Masonic Penny). Partially weak F/VF c/m; on nice 1847 Large Cent.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

536. "Raber". Fine c/m; on dirty AG/G 1868 Shield nickel. Only known specimen on nickel, one of 3 total.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: Early American Tokens 1700-1832 S-PA Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 * Image-1 * --

537. "B. Rapp" RARE 1797 Cent - UNLISTED EAT. BAR-PUNCH, bold VF c/m; on slick AG 1797 Large Cent. One of only 3 known on large cents, 4 total. RARE. Unlisted Early American, as the dates known are 1797, 1798, 1822 and 1826.

Rulau 7/98: "EAT # not yet assigned". In a survey done by Dave Bowers, only 16 c/m are known on 1797 cents! Unlisted in Rulau, but from the same period as the more common W.D.Rapp c/m (see next lot).


X-REF: S-PA Silversmith/Goldsmith Watch/Clock/Jewelry Related Early American Tokens 1700-1832 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

538. (PA: Philadelphia) "W D Rapp". Hard Times Token 414A, R7. William D. Rapp was a silversmith and watch case maker from 1828 in Norristown and the Philadelphia area. In 1837 his firm was located at 256 Race St. No periods visible on this specimen, BAR-PUNCH, F/VF c/m; on brown AG 1804 Half Cent. Two varieties are known, this Var. I: Thick, well cut letters. The other variety has poorly cut letters, as if done by an apprentice. As the latest date coin is 1832, now listed by Rulau as an Early American Token (1997:52) and also listed as a Hard Times Token (1997:140, HT-414A).

Rulau Plate.


X-REF: S-PA Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Tool Maker/Metal Worker Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

539. (PA: Philadelphia) "H. Rees". Hard Times Token 415B. In the 1837 Philadelphia directory, H. Rees advertised his blacksmith shop on Arch St. Examples of ironware with his mark have been reported by Dave Bowers. Two varieties known, straight and curved. All examples in this sale are the curved variety. The latest known c/m is on an 1838 coin, which makes this a Hard Times Token. Rulau 1997; 140. F/VF c/m; on AG 1831 Large cent, pitted.


X-REF: S-PA Tool Maker/Metal Worker Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 * Image-1 * --

540. (PA: Philadelphia) "H. Rees". Hard Times Token 415B, as above, bold XF curved c/m, but "H" weak; on date-worn slick AG Matron head Large Cent.

An example on an 1810 good Half-cent brought $220 in B&M Sept. 1992 auction.


X-REF: S-PA Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Tool Maker/Metal Worker Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

541. (PA: Philadelphia) "H. Rees" & "Heisser" Newly Listed HTT. HTT 415M, previously unlisted Hard Times Token (see 415, Rulau 1997, p.140). "H. Rees" bold XF, second "Heisser" c/m straight line F/VF, just below "Rees"; on nice brown VG 1837 Large Cent. Only known specimen with both c/ms.

Rulau, 7/98 assigns new HTT #415M.


X-REF: S-NH Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * -- * Image-3 * --

542. NH Groton: A. Remick. Another piece that should be easy to research. Check your early NH directories now, and see your name in genuine print in the Update. "A. Remick./No./Groton, N.H." Actually the "No." is halfway between the other 2 lines, to the right. Struck on BOTH SIDES, so we know it is a single punch. Obv weak to Fine, rev bold VF c/m; on AG. 1853 arrows/rays Seated Quarter. Only known specimen, UNIQUE!

No recent auction records to guage value on this unique piece!


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

543. ". Ridings". Struck 3 times, "." is more like a seperation mark, than a period, VF-XF c/m; on VG 1848 Large Cent. Only known specimen on cent, one of 2 known.


X-REF: S-NY Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

544. NY Elmira: Robert's Dye Works. See large writeup in Brunk. "Roberts/Dye Works/436/E. Water St./Elmira, N.Y." Bold XF c/m; on VF/XF 1878 copper English farthing, small stain obv.

An example on a 1890 half-penny realized $77 in the March 1985 B&M auction.


X-REF: S-NY Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

545. NY Elmira Roberts Dye Works. As above, weak G/VG c/m, some letters weak/missing; on VG copper 1890 English half-penny.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

546. "W & B/Royce/Co". Unusual layout, around diamond, letters part of outline (see Brunk photo, obviously a trademark). Bold VF c/m; on Good 1854 Seated Dime. Only known specimen.

Brunk Plate, p. 291, left.


X-REF: S-CA Drug/Pharmacy/Pharmaceutical Medicine/Medical Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

547. (CA: Nevada City) "Rudolph". J.F. Rudolph was a druggist, who bought the business of Dr. W.G. Alban at 21 Commercial St in Nevada City in 1855. In the 23 Nov 1855 "Nevada Journal", Rudolph announced he had worked for 20 years in Philadelphia, and is listed in directories from 1844 to 1855. He advertised in the 1856 Nevada City directory the exact same way he stamped his coins. In 1861 Rudolph was in partnership with Mr. Hunt selling drugs at 32 Main St. Researchers Bill Swoger and John Schreiner report that by 1885 he was listed as a druggist in Sacramento, California at 823 K St. This was about seven blocks from J.L. Polhemus (see lot 547). But since the latest date c/m coin is 1861, these were probably struck in Nevada City. Left side very weak, AG-F c/m, first letter missing; on AG 1853 arrows Seated Dime.

There are fewer Ruldoph examples known than his better known competitor Polhemus. This and the following specimens from the Brunk collection should allow collectors to acquire an example. Specify 'one-lot-only' on your bid sheet.


X-REF: S-CA Drug/Pharmacy/Pharmaceutical Medicine/Medical Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

548. (CA: Nevada City) "Rudolph". As above, left side partially weak G-VF c/m; on Good 1856-O Seated Dime.


X-REF: S-CA Drug/Pharmacy/Pharmaceutical Medicine/Medical Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

549. (CA: Nevada City) "Rudolph". As above, F-VF c/m; on Good+ 1853 arrows/rays Seated Quarter.


X-REF: S-CA Drug/Pharmacy/Pharmaceutical Medicine/Medical Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

550. (CA: Nevada City) "Rudolph". As above, Bold VF/XF c/m, plus a second strike, partially visible; on VG 1854 arrows Seated Quarter.


X-REF: S-ME Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Hotel/Motel Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

551. (ME: Bath) "Sagadahock House". Listed by some early researchers as 'Sagada Hock House', but we now know Sagadahock is an Indian name for the area at the mouth of the Kennebec River. This nineteenth century establishment was a hotel in Bath. F/VF c/m, a few letters weak; on AG/G 1876 Seated Half Dollar. Only known specimen. Rare. See Rulau 1997; 509 for extensive comments.

From the Roy VanOrmer collection. No auction records since this was correctly attributed.


X-REF: S-NY Patent Medicine Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

552. (NY: Buffalo) "Sage's/Candy/Coin." Believed to be an early patent medicine 'candy' of R.V. Pierce, who sold his medicines under the name Dr. Sage (see Brunk advertisement). F/VF c/m, left side a bit weaker; on Good+ 1874 arrows Seated Quarter.

A scarcer c/m than most people realize, as it is often illustrated. Another opportunity to acquire one of these four lots offered. Rulau values at $125/VF.


X-REF: S-NY Patent Medicine Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

553. (NY: Buffalo) Sage's Candy Coin. As above, VF c/m, on AG/G 1874 arrows Seated Half Dollar.

Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: S-NY Patent Medicine Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

554. (NY: Buffalo) Sage's Candy Coin. As above, VF c/m; on AG 1874 arrows Seated Half Dollar, some cuts at rims.


X-REF: S-NY Patent Medicine Trade Dollars: US Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

555. (NY: Buffalo) Sage's Candy Coin. As above, F-VF c/m, right side weak; on BRIGHT XF 1874 TRADE DOLLAR, cleaned. C/m on trade dollars are scarce.

Rulau values at $400/VF.


X-REF: Medicine/Medical Patent Medicine Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

556. SAGE: Dr. Pierce BOTTLE. An original bottle of the probable issuer of Sage's Candy Coin. Large rectangular druggist bottle, raised lettering on 3 sides: "Dr. Pierce's/Favorite/Prescription", "R.V. Pierce, M.D.", "Buffalo, N.Y.", on light green bottle, 8.25" tall, XF, but some inside dirt, cork top style.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Patent Medicine

557. Sage: Dr. Pierce Small Bottle. Original bottle of the probable issuer of Sage's Candy Coin. Small 3.5" light green, round bottle, raised letters: "Dr. Pierce's/Anuric (on kidney!)/Tablets/for Kidneys/and Backache". Cork type top; XF.

$25.00-50.00+


X-REF: Medicine/Medical Patent Medicine Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

558. SAGE: Dr. Pierce BOTTLE. Similar to above, but lettering on sides only (last 2 lines above). Clear glass, 8.25" tall, XF, screw cap style top.


X-REF: S-MA Jewelers Silversmith/Goldsmith Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

559. (MA): Lowell Amos Sanborn. Sandborn advertised as a maker of silverware, and jeweler (see Brunk ad). Obv clear VF BAR-PUNCH "A. Sanborn." curved script hallmark punch, rev G/VG BAR-PUNCH "Lowell.", partially flattened by obv c/m; on nice VG/F 1845 Large Cent. Only known specimen with both c/m. Rare.

Brunk Plate; Rulau obv plate; The Numismatist, Feb 1989 Brunk article plate.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

560. "C. Schmidt". Struck twice, at right angles to each other, both slightly double struck, bold XF c/m; on Fine 1853 Half Cent, edges flattened from strikes. One of only 4 known.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Early American Tokens 1700-1832 Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 * Image-1 * --

561. (PA: Pittsburgh) William Scott - New HTT 532. Reattributed Hard Times Token! Rulau believed this to be the hallmark of a Louisville silversmith, William D. Scott. However recent research by Brunk matches this c/m with an illustration in Pollack's 'Makers of American Wooden Planes'. William Scott, one of the earliest plane makers in Pittsburgh, was mentioned in a 1812 property purchase. Scott first worked in 'Pittsburg City', then moved across the Allegheny to 'Allegheny Town', now Pittsburgh's North Side, and was listed in business directories from 1813 to 1839. A Early American and Hard Times Token. Bold VF/XF BAR-PUNCH "W. Scott", toothed border; on AG-G 1820 Lima two reales, some light scr obv. One of only 2 known on two reales, one of 5 total. Rare early Pittsburgh countermark. See Rulau 1997, p. 194.

Rulau 7/98 assigns new number 532. Color Cover Photo. No auction records since the c/m has been correctly attributed.


X-REF: Hotel/Motel Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

562. "Selwyn House". Struck 4 times obv, 7 times rev, plus "1" several times, some weaker to VF c/m; on VG 1867 Indian Cent. Only known specimen.

This should be easy to locate! Unlisted in Rulau.


X-REF: S-ME Patent Medicine Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

563. ME Waterford Dr. William P. Shattuck. Dr. Shattuck was born in 1818, and visited ME in 1854 on a lecture tour. He purchased the 'water cure establishment' and renamed it the Maine Hygenic Institute, operating it until 1858, when he went on a 3 year lecture tour. The latest known c/m is 1858, prior to his tour. He returned in 1861 and kept it in operation until his death in 1887. "Shattuck/Water/Cure/Waterford/Me." F/VF c/m, a few letters weak; on VG/F 1831 Large Cent. A nice, early medical c/m.

Brunk Plate, upper right. A popular piece since the publication of "The Waterford Water Cure", by Q. David Bowers, 1992. Three examples on seated quarters in the B&M March 1985 sale sold for $250 to $360.


X-REF: Bust US Coinage: 5/10/25c Early American Tokens 1700-1832 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant S-CT S-MA * Image-1 * --

564. (MA or CT?) "F. Sibley". Early American Token. F/VF c/m; on nice VG 1818 Bust Quarter. Three known, others on 1826 and 1827 large cents. A number of early US silversmiths with this family name worked in MA and CT. Rare.

Brunk Plate. Appears to be an important Early American Token. The coin catalogs for $100, this c/m worth $300-500?


X-REF: S-ME Tool Maker/Metal Worker Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

565. "Slack Sellers/& Grayson". An auction of antique tools listed Slack and Sellers as tool makers (no location given). Apparently this is a successor firm. Another piece ripe for research! Struck twice, VF-XF c/m; on brown AG 1819 Large Cent. Only known specimen, UNIQUE!

Brunk Plate, p. 295; Rulau plate. No recent auction records for this unique specimen.


X-REF: Silversmith/Goldsmith Watch/Clock/Jewelry Related Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

566. "Smith &/Gemrig" Newly Listed HTT 536. From the style this is probably a watch maker or silversmith partnership, but the mark is not listed in any of the standard references. Gemrig is a very odd name, with none listed currently in my 80 million phone book list. It should be possible to track this down. VF-XF c/m; on AG 1838 Seated Half Dime. Only known piece on half dime; one of 3 total.

Rulau 7/98 assigns new number 536. Brunk Plate. Ex-Koppenhaver, June 1979, lot 730. Unlisted in Rulau, but he does list a Smith & Grant as a Louisville silversmith, at $400-600.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

567. "I.D. Smith". Struck twice obv, F, VF, and once rev, bold XF; on AG Draped Bust Large Cent, AG, date worn. One of 4 known.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

568. "Alex. Sowl". An unusual name, possibly you can attribute this one with some research. VF c/m, on rev; on worn AG 1876 Seated Quarter. Wrongly listed as on 1806 in Brunk. Only known specimen.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

569. "W. Spitzer". "S" and "Z" are retrograde, as if this is a trademark. Bold XF c/m; on Good+ 1876 Seated Half Dollar. Only known specimen on half, one of two known. Rare. This should be identifiable.

Brunk Plate. Rulau values at $60/VF; the other example sold in the VanOrmer B&M 1985 sale for $80 on a four reales.


X-REF: S-MO S-GA Theater/Drama/Vaudeville/Opera/Minstrel Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

570. Sprague & Blodgett Georgia Minstrels. A traveling minstrel show. A very popular c/m. "Sprague & Blodgett's/Admit/One/Georgia Minstrels" & the numbers "12345678" punched in right field. Nice F/VF c/m; on AG 1862 Seated Half Dollar.

Color Cover Photo. An example on a AG Half dollar brought $220 in the Nov 1986 B&M auction.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Military: Non-Trade Tokens S-MA Early American Tokens 1700-1832 * Image-1 * --

571. (MA-Springfield): Springfield Armory. In 1792 the US Congress authorized construction of two national armories. The one at Springfield began operations in 1795. This "Springfield" c/m is the same curved style as the stamp on a 1795 model Springfield Flintlock Musket (illustrated in Fladerman, p421). On 1800/1790 Large Cent, struck 3 times (one overlaps) on obv, F/VF c/m on AG-G cent. One of three known on cents with this style mark. Rare.

Rulau values at $100/Vf, probably low for this US government military c/m. Another c/m reading "US Watervliet", a different arsenal, same idea, brought $286 in the 1993 Nov B&M sale.


X-REF: S-NY Wine/Whiskey/Spirts other than beer Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

572. (NY: New York City) "Stelling/31/Old Slip." Stelling was a liquor dealer at this address. VF c/m; on AG 1854 arrows Seated Quarter. One of 3 known. Rare.

Brunk Plate, right. Rulau values at $150/VF, $300/XF.


X-REF: S-NY Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

573. (NY: New York City) "Sterling. Co" Unlisted Hard Times. VF c/m; on VG/F Hard Times Token, holed. One of 2 known, the other is a 1817 large cent also c/m 'Israel L. Green, N.York July 9, 1827'. A company of this name is known to have existed later in Derby, CT. Given the known information, apparently an unlisted HTT. RARE

Brunk Plate. Unlisted in Rulau, worth $200 up.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

574. "F.E. Stickel". Curved XF c/m; on Fine 1850 Large Cent. Only 2 known of this variety, 3 others with a horseshoe c/m.


X-REF: S-CT S-NY Gunsmith/Guns/Pistols Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

575. (CT: Burlington & NY: Brookfield) "E. Stillman" - Newly listed HTT 540. Previoulsy unlisted Hard Times, now 540. Ethan Stillman was born in Westerly, RI in 1768, worked as a youth in the NY Iron Works, and later was a shoemaker. In 1798 he moved to CT, and with his brother Amos received a government contract for 500 muskets. In 1808 he got another contract for 2200 more muskets, after which he moved to NY. As some c/m coins are known dated after his move, at least those must have been issued in NY. This exact stamp appears on the lock of his muskets. Struck BOTH SIDES, VF-XF c/m; on VG 1835 Large Cent. One of 4 known on cents; 5 total. See Rulau 1997, p.463.

Rulau 7/98 assigns new HTT #540. Brunk Plate obv/rev. Brunk suggests $200-400+.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

576. "G.J. Stivers". XF c/m; on VG 1842-O Seated Quarter.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

577. "G.J. Stivers". XF c/m; on Good 1876 Seated Quarter.


X-REF: S-PA Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

578. (PA) Philadelphia: Stoddart's Dry Goods. Unlisted Hard Times Token. The 1844 city directory lists Curwin Stoddart at this address. By the time of the 1856 directory the firm had become Stoddart and Brother. "Stoddart's/Family Dry Goods/Stores/278. 280 & 282/Nth 2nd St/Phila" F/XF c/m, right side weak; on AG 1756 two reales. One of only a few c/m on the older Pillars of Hercules Spanish silver coins. Nice elaborate c/m! Rare! See Rulau 1997; 290, Pa 722.

Rulau Plate. Color Cover Photo. Rulau values at $600 on the more common two reales, this worth $1000+. Rulau 7/98: "Not HTT unless evidence is uncovered."


X-REF: S-CT Beer/Bier/Beverage/Brewery Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

579. (CT: Bridgeport) "Drink/Stoehr's/Lager Bier". Christian Stoehr worked in Bridgeport from 1878 to 1883. He ran a saloon on the corner of Fairfield Ave and Cannon St. VF c/m; on AG/G 1854 arrows Seated Quarter. One of 4 known. Rare! Rulau 1997; 461.

Brunk Plate, left. Color Cover Photo. Rulau values at $225/VF.


X-REF: S-NY Watch/Clock/Jewelry Related Jewelers Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

580. (NY: Syracuse) "Stone & Ball". Seymour Stone and Calvin Ball sold silverware and jewelry. They also repaired clocks and watches, and held a contract with the Syracuse school board to keep its clocks in good working order. A reporter from the Syracuse Herald interviewed Ball during the late 1890's, and published an article on their countermarked coins. Probably issued ca. 1855, as that is the latest known date coin. See the Update for the text. Of the three varieties, only 15-20% are seen with the much scarcer hallmark-style bar-punch. BAR-PUNCH F/VF c/m, last letters weak; on VG 1848 Large Cent, rev rim dings.

Brunk Plate. Rulau values at $150/VF. The next catalog will feature the only known Stone and Ball c/m on a GOLD COIN!


X-REF: S-NY Jewelers Watch/Clock/Jewelry Related Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

581. (NY: Syracuse) "Stone & Ball". As above, First Variety, scarce BAR-PUNCH G/F c/m, letter tops weak; on AG 1842 Seated Dime.

Brunk Plate, left. Unlisted in Rulau with this variety.


X-REF: S-NY Watch/Clock/Jewelry Related Jewelers Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

582. (NY: Syracuse) "Stone & Ball". Second variety, as above, incuse Bold XF c/m; on VF/XF 1853 arrows/rays Seated Quarter.


X-REF: S-NY Jewelers Watch/Clock/Jewelry Related Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

583. (NY: Syracuse) "Stone & Ball/Syracuse/N.Y." Third variety, as above, incuse with city/state, VF c/m; on VG 1853 arrows/rays Seated Quarter.


X-REF: S-MA Early American Tokens 1700-1832 Silversmith/Goldsmith Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

584. (MA?) "F. Storrs" Unlisted Hard Times Token - EAT. Previously unlisted EAT or HTT? (see Rulau 1997, p 28). This bar-punch c/m is obviously a hallmark. While F. Storrs is not listed in any silversmith directory consulted, a close comparison of this mark with the stamps of Nathan Storrs indicates they are of the same style. Not only are most of the individual letters similar, but both stamps are cut so they are not quite rectangular, with a slight bulge in the middle. Thus probably F. Storrs was an apprentice to Nathan, or otherwise related. Nathan Storrs and Benjamin Cook worked in Northampton and Amherst, MA, ca. 1827-33. They are known to have marked coins with 'Storrs & Cook'. BAR-PUNCH VF c/m; on AG/G 1819 Large Cent. Very Rare, only known specimen of this EARLY c/m. Rulau 1997; 28.

Brunk Plate, p. 300. Rulau values the Storrs & Cook at $200, but this unique piece probably worth more. Rulau 7/98 assigns new EAT number MA-100.


X-REF: S-ME Engraver, Diesinker, Medalists, Sculptor Tool Maker/Metal Worker S-ME Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

585. (ME: Bangor) "C.A. Strange". C.A. Strange and his father J.W. managed a brass foundry, die sinking and stencil manufacturing business. Rulau reports they made stamps other New England merchants used to countermark coins. Uncommon with upper and lower case letters. XF c/m; on nice VF/XF 1866 shield nickel.

Rulau (1997:509) values at $150/XF on large cent.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

586. "C. Swearer". Curved line VF+ c/m; on worn-date AG Large Cent. Only known specimen.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

587. "A.J. Sweet". Struck 3 times on Obv and on Rev, F-VF c/m; on fully slick Large cent size planchet, possibly a Large cent. 3 known.

Brunk Plate. Ex Kirtley sale 15, lot 737.


X-REF: S-ME Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

588. (ME: Scarborough) "A.D. Sweetsir." These were issued by Alvan Daniel Sweetsir, who lived in Scarborough, ME, born in 1835, died 21 Jan. 1898. His occupation is not known. With a location like this, it should be easy to research this piece more. VF c/m; on darkish Fine 1838 Large Cent.

Attribution by William Swoger. Another opportunity to acquire one of these two lots.


X-REF: S-ME Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

589. (ME: Scarborough) "A.D. Sweetsir". As above, VF c/m; on AG 1825 Large Cent.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

590. "M.F. Taber". XF c/m; on darkish VG 1826 Large Cent. 8 known.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

591. "M.F. Taber". F-XF c/m; on G/VG nice 1833 Large Cent.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

592. "W.H. Tallmadge". First 2 letters weak, otherwise VF c/m; on nice VG 1847 Large Cent. The latest known date is 1849.


X-REF: S-NY Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

593. NY Brooklyn: J.M. Taylor. James M. Taylor stamped coins for his New York City and Brooklyn offices. "J.M. Taylor/Broker/Brooklyn. L.I." VF c/m; on AG 1853 arrows/rays Seated Quarter.


X-REF: S-NY Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

594. NY New York City: J.M. Taylor. As above, but: "J.M. Taylor/Broker/Chatam St./Cor. James. N.Y." Fine c/m; on darkish, dirty 1853 arrows/rays Seated Quarter, pitted, slick rev.

Similar c/m on good 1853 quarter sold for $80 in the Coin Galleries July 1993 auction. Another on a Fine 1853 quarter got $143 in the Nov 1993 B&M sale.


X-REF: S-NY Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

595. NY New York City: J.M. Taylor. Same as above #593, nice VF c/m; on choice VG 1781 Mexico two reales. Nice!

Brunk Plate, upper right. Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Early American Tokens 1700-1832

596. "Teele". Early American Token, as the latest coin known is 1814. VG/F c/m; on AG 1808 Large Cent, pitted/worn obv. One of only 4 known.


X-REF: S-ME Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

597. "N J Tracy". BAR-PUNCH, curved, VF c/m; on nice brown Fine 1839 Large Cent. An important issuer active around 1857, but not yet identified to city.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

598. "N.J. Tracy." Straight BAR-PUNCH, bold VF c/m; on Good 1847 Large Cent.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

599. "N.J. Tracy." As above, BAR-PUNCH, F/VF c/m; on nice VG+ 1854 Large Cent.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

600. "S.L. Tripp". Slightly double-struck, Bold XF c/m, but last letter weak; on AG/G 1823(?) Large Cent. Brunk lists as unknown date, date worn.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

601. "S.L. Tripp". As above, VF c/m on rev, but first letter off; on Good 1862 CN Indian Cent.


X-REF: Barber US Coinage: 5/10/25/50c Hand-Engraved Tokens Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

602. "Tritons - Un-Excelled". B-40500. Block letters, engraved on planed off obv; on Barber Dime. Rare, only known example.

Ex-Maurice Gould, Sol Taylor auction, Feb 1977, lot 5.112. A rare engraved U.S. advertising piece.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

603. "U" in Horseshoe. See Brunk photo. Probably a late 19th century trademark. XF c/m on rev; on VG 1889 Indian Cent.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

604. "L. Vansands". Another unusual name that should be identifiable. Struck twice on fields, bold VF-XF, on Fine 1849-O Seated Half Dollar. Only two specimens known, the other on a 1854 half.

Color Cover Photo. May be a southern issuer, based on New Orleans host coin (which trends $45). No auction records.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

605. "F.E. Voigd." A prolific c/m issuer about which nothing is known other than he stamped coins around 1856. He c/med Canadian tokens, French and Mexican copper coins, a most unusual range. Bold VF c/m; on AG Large Cent, over date.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

606. "F.E. Voigd." As above, F/VF c/m; on 1847 Large Cent, over date.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

607. "F.E. Voigd." As above, F/VF c/m; on nice VG 1849 Large Cent.


X-REF: S-MA Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

608. "W & E/25". Large, VERY BOLD AU c/m, on rev of shaved-off VG 1856 Large Cent. Only known specimen.

Brunk Plate, p. 306. Rulau plate 1997; 704. A neat c/m, and since unique, no recent auction records.


X-REF: S-PA Game Counters (U.S.) Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

609. (PA: Philadelphia?) "W W L". Rulau suggests these were issued by William W. Long, who struck elaborate merchant tokens in the 1850's, for his gaming establishment. This same WWL stamp was used to make brass gaming tokens. These c/m coins may have served as gaming tokens in Long's establishment. This is the variety with the incuse 'comma', which appears at various places on his c/med coins, and possibly validates these gaming tokens for continued use. Bold XF c/m; on nice brown Fine 1851 Large Cent.

Color Cover Photo. Rulau values at $40/VF.


X-REF: Silversmith/Goldsmith Early American Tokens 1700-1832 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

610. "Wagner". Important Early American c/m, found only on silver coins before 1820. Appears to be a silversmith hallmark, but the issuer has not been identified. VF c/m; on Good 1783-MI Lima two reales, some pitting. One of only 3 known on two reales. Rulau 1997; 69-70.

Color Cover Photo. Rulau values at $125, but worth more.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

611. "D.C. Wallace." RARE A.U. Coin!. VF c/m on rev; on CHOICE ABOUT UNCIRCULATED 1864 two-cent, some luster. One of only 2 known on two-cent; 5 total, the latest dated 1865.

Brunk Plate. Unlisted in Rulau. A rare high grade merchant c/m!


X-REF: S-OH Patent Medicine Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

612. (OH: Cincinnati) Walton's Bitters. This patent medicine was manufactured by Samuel W. Walton, of Cincinnati. "We Recommend/Waltons/Bitters" VF c/m, several scratches through "Bitters", all over large c/m "M"; on AG 1871 Seated Half Dollar.

Rulau values at $250/VF.


X-REF: S-NY Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

613. NY (New York City) "A. Ward/N-Y." The only NYC merchant named Ward who would have had a c/m stamp ca. 1850 was Andrew Ward. He was listed in the 1850-3 directories as a hardware merchant with stores at two locations: 335 Sixth Ave, and Eighth Ave & West 50th St. Bold VF c/m; on AG 1853 arrows/rays Seated Quarter. One of 3 known.

Brunk Plate, left. Color Cover Photo. Unlisted in Rulau, worth $200-400.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

614. "E. Weller". Bold VF/XF c/m; on VG Large Cent, large hole over date, dark at top. One of 2 known on cents, 3 total, the latest dated 1853.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: Fantasy Item (no originals) Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

615. Wells Fargo. One of the modern fantasy pieces. "Wells Fargo/U.S./R.W.P.O./Express" (Railway Post Office). VF c/m; on British Penny of 1806-07, dark AG. AS IS.

Brunk Plate; Rulau Plate. Brunk says he paid $200: "Everybody makes a mistake now and then!"


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

616. "Wendel & Bro." Bold VF c/m; on AG 1853 arrows/rays Seated Quarter. One of 2 known on quarters; 5 total. Possibly related to Chas. Wendall, see next lot.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: S-IL Jewelers Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

617. (IL: Chicago) "Chas. Wendell/Jeweler". VF c/m, but second line weak; on AG 1840 Seated Dime, slick rev.


X-REF: S-WI Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant * Image-1 * --

618. (MN/WI?): "H. Wettstein". A prolific counterstamper of coins, about whom little is known with any certainty. Although many of his c/m are found on US coins, some are also on Canadian coins, an unusual practice for US merchants. While a number of Ontario merchants did c/m US silver coins, Brunk has been unable to trace Wettstein in any Canadian directory. With the advant of computerized telephone directories, it is clear almost every Wettstein currently lives in MN or WI. H. Wettstein probably lived close to the Canadian border, so close that Canadian coins were commonly accepted as change during the 1870s. OBV & REV, obv VF c/m, rev weak; on Good 1863 CN Indian Cent.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c S-MN S-WI Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant

619. (MN/WI?): "H. Wettstein". As above, on OBV & REV, VG-F obv, rev weak; on US AG 1876 Seated Dime.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c S-WI S-MN Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant

620. (MN/WI?): "H. Wettstein". As above, OBV & REV, F-VF c/m; on Good US 1876 Seated Quarter.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c S-MN S-WI Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant

621. (MN/WI?): "H. Wettstein". As above, OBV & REV, VG c/m; on worn date AG US Seated Quarter.


X-REF: S-MN S-WI Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant

622. (MN/WI?): "H. Wettstein". As above, OBV & REV, obv double struck VG-F, rev F/VF c/m; on nice VG 1859 Canada Cent.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

623. "A.S. Weyer". Bold XF c/m, slightly double struck; on worn AG late date Large Cent. Probably issued ca. 1856, as this is the latest dated coin.


X-REF: S-MA Early American Tokens 1700-1832 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Bust US Half Dollar * Image-1 * --

624. (MA: Boston?) "?. Whitcom". Important Early American c/m. Similar to some early peweterer hallmarks. First letter partially off left side (possibly an "H"?), otherwise a nice VF c/m, "M" weak, and at the end of the coin; on nice VG 1831 Bust Half Dollar. Rulau lists 'Whitcom' and 'Whitcomb' c/ms, and this may be 'Whitcomb'. A good possible issuer is the Whitcomb family of Boston. Carl Jacobs (Guide to American Peweter) lists A.B. Whitcomb working in Boston in the 1820's and 1830's. The time period is correct, and if a peweterer hallmark, that explains why the stamps are bigger than a silversmith hallmark. Since peweter is so soft, a larger impression can be gained from the same blow, but the result is a weak strike when struck with similar force on a silver coin. Rare, one of 2 known, other on 1807 half.

Color Cover Photo. Rulau values a script c/m from the same time period and perhaps the same issuer at $400. No recent auction prices for this Early American c/m.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

625. "W.H. White/---.---". First line curved, F/VF c/m; on worn date shield nickel. One of 2 known on nickels, 3 total. An apparently related c/m reads 'W.H. White & Co./Cast Steel'.


X-REF: Horses/ Horse Racing Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

626. "D. Wigg/(Horseshoe)". Very bold XF c/m; on Good 1837 Large Cent. One of only 2 known with this arrangement on large cents, 3 total.

Brunk Plate. Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: S-PA S-NY Silversmith/Goldsmith Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 * Image-1 * --

627. (NY: New York City/Philadelphia) Thomas Wildes. Hard Times Token? The crowned X c/m was first reported by US Navy Commodore W.C. Eaton in the 1922 Numismatist. Its origins were hotly debated until Brunk discovered an example of the c/m on one of Wildes' works. Wildes began work as a pewterer in Philadelphia in 1829, moved to NY in 1833 and worked there until 1840. The identical crowned "X" appears on a lamp with Wilde's stamp (See Update) and was a mark used on high quality petwer wear. "(Crown)/X" Bold VF/XF c/m; on F/VF 1833 Half Cent, "E" scratched on rev. See Rulau 1997; p.291 USMT Pa 723A.

An example with 'Philad' on a 1835 half cent brought $190 in the Sept 1992 B&M auction. Rulau, 7/98: "USMT Pa 723A. Could be HT, but not convinced as yet."


X-REF: S-NH Medicine/Medical Dental/teeth Patent Medicine Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

628. (NH: Pittsfield) "Dr. G.G. Wilkins." Wilkins was born in 1820, and apparently arrived in Pittsfield in the 1850's. At various times he was a dentist, sold patent medicines and liquor, and ran a restaurant. He was twice convicted of selling liquor without a license, and was accused of arson, but not convicted. F/VF c/m; on nice VG 1845 Large Cent. All of these Wilkins c/m are the large letters in semi-circle variety.

Popularly collected since the publication of "The Strange Case of Dr. Wilkins", by Q. David Bowers, 1987. Consequently the auction prices are widely different (note the $1100 realized in the 1993 B&M sale!)


X-REF: S-NH Patent Medicine Dental/teeth Medicine/Medical Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

629. (NH: Pittsfield) Dr. G.G. Wilkins. As above, bold XF c/m; on nice VG/F 1848 Large Cent.


X-REF: S-NH Dental/teeth Patent Medicine Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

630. (NH: Pittsfield) Dr. Wilkins. As above, bold XF c/m; on nice brown VG/F 1855 slant 5 Large Cent.

Not priced in Rulau in XF. Another example on an XF 1852 cent realized $1100 in the Nov 1993 B&M sale, a record for this c/m!


X-REF: S-NH Medicine/Medical Dental/teeth Patent Medicine Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

631. (NH: Pittsfield) Dr. G.G. Wilkins. As above, Bold XF c/m; on nice VG/F 1858 Flying Eagle Cent.


X-REF: S-NH Medicine/Medical Dental/teeth Patent Medicine Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

632. (NH: Pittsfield) Dr. G.G. Wilkins. As above, bold VF/XF c/m; on F/VF 1860 CN Indian Cent, minor green corrosion at rim, rev.


X-REF: S-NH Medicine/Medical Dental/teeth Patent Medicine Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

633. (NH: Pittsfield) Dr. G.G. Wilkins. As above, VF c/m; on AG worn date Three Cent Silver. One of only 3 known specimens on 3c.

Ex-Gould and one of the most pictured c/m! Plated in Brunk; Rulau; Brunk's Numismatist "Merchant Advertising Countermarks of the Nineteenth Century", Feb, 1989; Gould 1967 Numismatist article, and Gould monograph "Merchant Countermarks on American Silver Coins." Rulau values at $75; this pedigreed specimen should bring more.


X-REF: Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

634. "J. Wilson." XF c/m; on rev of Good 1839 Half Dime. Only known specimen on half dime.

Rulau lists a 'J. Wilson London 1856', which may be related.


X-REF: S-MA Tool Maker/Metal Worker Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

635. (MA: Charlestown?) "C.H. Wing". A tinsmith of this name was listed in the 1856 edition of the New England Business Directory. VF c/m on rev; on VG 184? Large Cent (last digit of date removed). One of 4 known.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

636. "G.J. Wing". Slightly double struck VF c/m; on Good 1860 CN Indian Cent.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

637. "W.H. Wood." F-VF c/m, letter tops weak; on rev of Good 1881 Indian Cent. Only known specimen on Indian cent, 6 total.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: S-VA Silversmith/Goldsmith Watch/Clock/Jewelry Related Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

638. (VA: Lexington) James R. Wright, Silversmith. Wright was active as a silversmith from at least 1847 to 1856. The Update will have a copy of his advertisement from the local newspaper, offering 'Clocks, watches, jewelry, hardware, cutlery, &c.' "J. Wright" XF c/m; on AG 1835 Large Cent. One of 3 known on large cents, 6 total, two other just 'Wright'.

Brunk Plate. Unlisted in Rulau.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

639. "A. Wyman Jr." VF c/m; on AG 1818 Large Cent. One of 4 known.


X-REF: S-PA Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

640. "York". BAR-PUNCH, VG-VF c/m, first letter a bit weak; on worn date AG Large Cent. One of 2 known on cents and 6 on half-cents.

Brunk Plate. Ex-World Exonumia, Feb. 1979, lot 1976.


X-REF: S-PA Medicine/Medical Optical/Optician Drug/Pharmacy/Pharmaceutical Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

641. (PA: Philadelphia) Dr. William Young. In 1838 William Young was listed as running an 'infirmary for diseases of the skin' at 33 S 4th St. He was at the address of this c/m from 1841 to 1857. During his career he variously advertised as a physician, chemist and oculist. "Dr. Wm. Young/No 152 Spruce St/Phila." XF-VG c/m, right side weak; on nice AG 1801 Mexican two reales. One of only 2 known on two reales, 4 total. Rare! Bowers points out few c/m are known with full first names.

Brunk Plate, right. Color Cover Photo. Rulau values at $450/XF.


X-REF: S-RI Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Hard Times Tokens 1833-44 * Image-1 * --

642. (RI: Providence) Ephraim A. Hathaway Hard Times Token. Hard Times 428B. Obv c/m a fireplace shovel, rev a spoon F-VF c/m; on VG H.T.T. of Hathaway. Only the third reported piece. See Rulau 1997; 143. Rare.


X-REF: Washington, George Spiel Marke Barber US Coinage: 5/10/25/50c Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

643. (George Washington Spiel Marke Die). Facing bust, "General Washington" around, round die w/border VF; on Good 1909-O Barber Half Dollar. Previously UNLISTED in Washington, Rulau/Baker, 3/99 assigned B-1070 by Rulau. Listed as a fantasy by Rulau, but no others have appeared!

Brunk Plate, p. 9. Brunk values at $100-150.


X-REF: Coins: Colonial Early American Tokens 1700-1832 Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

644. Fugio Cent C/m. An uncertain early c/m center, apparently a die punch with raised dot over raised bar, rounded bottom (??), plus mark on center of rev. VF c/m; on AG 1787 Fugio Cent. Not too many c/m on Fugio Cents!


X-REF: American Numismatic Association ANA S-NY Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Coin Dealer & related

645. "ANA/1976/NYC" Lot of 9. The Numismatist Dec. 1976 reports: 'Former ANA Governor Robert Lloyd doled out a quantity of U.S. large cents, French ten centime pieces - even spoons - appropriately counterstamped.' for the 1976 ANA Convention. "F-XF c/m; on various mostly copper World coins, AG-VG. 9pcs.

Includes Brunk Plate, p3 (right, 1797 Cartwheel Penny).


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

646. Lot of 2 Large Cent c/m. Bold XF "C.W.S." on AG 1803 Large Cent. "S.D" in rectangle, 5 times around rim, 3 times rev, all on fully slick AG blank, possibly a large cent.


X-REF: Bulk Lot/Quantity/Resale Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

647. Lot of 15 Mixed C/M. Abbreviated listing: "Collectors Club of Boston 1945-1965" on Mexican Peso; "Kurt Krueger 1987" on quarter; "C.Ah.To. Mam./1876" on 1873 quarter; "R. Thies" on 1979 quarter (an interesting modern c/m, a number of which appeared in circulation in the 1980's, but never identified!); "G.W.R." on cut down HTT; "G" in shield, on 1911 5c; "GH" on 1853 quarter; "T" on 1853 quarter; "Tilly" on 1876 quarter; "DC" on large cent(?); "57 12" on 1920 Canada 1c; "R" on German bier token; "VM" on werth-marke. Lot of 15, as is.


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

648. Lot of C/m LARGE CENTS. Interesting study lot of c/m, all on large cents: "Devins & Bolton"/?; "W.B"/ca. 1801 worn date; "B S"/1844 VF; "C B. E"/1856; "J.W"/1833; (star)/1819; "JV"?/1837; "C.H.T."/1848; "1870"/1845; "E.S.W"/1852; "LB"/1819; "H.F.G"/1817; plus odd piece, circle cut out/replaced. Lot of 13pcs, ave. G-VG.

$65.00-90.00+


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

649. Lot of 6 C/M on Copper Coins. "N.B.C"/CN Cent; "W"/1864 Cent; "S.M.S."/1864 2c; "G"/1864 2c; "8"/1895 5c; "WYN"?/English 1940 penny.

$15.00-20.00+


X-REF: Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

650. Lot of C/m on SILVER coins. Lot of 6 on silver US Coins: "CA"/1922 Dollar; "F O E"/1922 Dollar; "B"/1927 Dollar; "A.B."/1935 Half; "C.B"/1909 Half; "1874/S JRG"/1854 Half. About G-VG, 6pcs.

$50.00-65.00+


X-REF: Australia Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

651. Adelaide: "Fax/Leather/Cutter". VG/F c/m, lots of scratches obv/rev, dings; on VG 1858 Professor Holloway Penny token, scr.

Brunk Plate. Brunk catalogs at $35.


X-REF: Australia Numimatists Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

652. Aldgate: Peter Fleig. "P F/S A", "Lucky/Bit", on 1/4 cut British East Indies anna. By Peter Fleig, Australian numismatist, ca. 1970's. XF c/m; AG coin.


X-REF: Australia Drug/Pharmacy/Pharmaceutical Countermarked Coins: US Merchant

653. Geelong: J.T. Thomas. Thomas was a chemist on Malop St beginning in 1865. He died in 1906. "J.T." VF c/m; on 1861 J.R. Grundy Australian Penny token, nice VF.

Brunk Plate. Brunk estimates at $50-75.


X-REF: Australia Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

654. Sandridge: W. Cook. "Sugar Works/By/W. Cook/Bay St/Sandridge/.Treacle Delivered." Mostly bold F-XF, center lettering weaker, c/m; on slick AG British Penny.

Believed to be the earliest token from the colony of Victoria. Brunk catalogs at $150.


X-REF: Canada: General Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant

655. Canada: "J.T. Allan". Struck OBV & REV, F/VF c/m; on GB AG 1816 shilling. One of 2 known specimens, other on New Brunswick cent.

Ex-Fayville, March 1970, lot 677.


X-REF: Canada: General Drug/Pharmacy/Pharmaceutical Quebec Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant * Image-1 * --

656. Montreal: "Bolton's". This may be Bolton's c/m before he became a partner in Devins and Bolton, in 1863. On obv & rev, VF-XF c/m; on VG 1853 British Halfpenny. Only known specimen on halfpenny, one of 3 total.

Obverse and reverse Brunk Plate. Cover photo of Canadian Numismatic Journal, June 1998. Brunk catalogs at $90/VF.


X-REF: Canada: General Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant * Image-1 * --

657. C Ontario: Cobourg: "T.B./Clench". One of Canada's finest cabinet makers, Freeman S. Clench moved to Cobourg in 1825, with his son Thomas joining his firm in 1848 (See Brunk, with advertisement). First example verified to read "T.B./Clench" (the others read: 'Clench/T.B.'). An unusual two part c/m. Bold VF-XF c/m on VG US 1861 seated half dollar. Clench is one of the Ontario merchants who commonly marked US coins. Only 4th known on half.

Brunk estimates $75-125+.


X-REF: Canada: General Countermarked Coins: US Merchant Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant Hard Times Tokens 1833-44

658. "J. Cook." Partially weak VG c/m; on good "T. Duseamen" HTT (Low 148)/Canadian token (Br 670).

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: Canada: General Medicine/Medical Drug/Pharmacy/Pharmaceutical Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant * Image-1 * --

659. Montreal: Devins & Bolton. The partnership of Devins & Bolton were well-known druggists (see writeup in Brunk). "Devins/&/Bolton/-/Montreal" Bold VF/XF c/m; on nice F/VF 1837 US Large Cent.

Cover Plate photo, Canadian Numismatic Journal, Aug, 1988 Brunk article.


X-REF: Canada: General Medicine/Medical Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant

660. Montreal: Devins & Bolton. As above, mostly bold VF, lower line weak; on 1856 Nova Scotia half penny.

Brunk Plate, upper right.


X-REF: Canada: General Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant

661. "G. Hutton". Stuck on BOTH SIDES, F-VF c/m; on Good 1886 Canada Cent. One of 3 known.

Brunk Plate. Ex-Nadin-Davis Nov 1982, lot 180.


X-REF: Quebec West Indies Countermarked Coins: US Merchant * Image-1 * --

662. Quebec: "I B". Previously attributed by various auctioneers to the West Indies, and interpeted as meaning "Isle Barbados", but now reattributed to Canada, as one is known on a token also stamped "Quebec", and another overstruck by Devins & Bolton. Bold, large XF c/m; on Good 1816 US Large Cent.


X-REF: Canada: General Watch/Clock/Jewelry Related Ontario Seated US Coinage: 5/10/20/25/50c Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant * Image-1 * --

663. Ontario: Toronto: J.W. Millar. Millar was a watchmaker, from 1856 to 1880. "J.W. Millar/Toronto" His c/m are only known on US coins! VF c/m; on US 1854 Seated Quarter, minor scratches over c/m. One of 2 known on quarters.

Ex-Koppenhaver, Aug 1982, lot 409. Brunk catalogs at $150 in 1987.


X-REF: Canada: General Jewelers Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

664. St John, Newfoundland: Nicholas Ohman. Ohman was a jeweler, listed in the 1882 directory. This "N O" BAR PUNCH is his hallmark. Like the highly sought 'J.O.P.' hallmark c/m of Joseph Patenaude of British Columbia, Ohman's "N O" c/m were probably used for local advertising. VF c/m; on worn date AG Newfoundland half dollar. RARE, one of only six known.


X-REF: Canada: General British Columbia Silversmith/Goldsmith Jewelers Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant * Image-1 * -- * Image-2 * --

665. B-C: Nelson: Joseph Oliva Patenaude. In 1871 Joseph O. Patenaude was born in Iberville, Quebec, and moved to Nelson in 1897. There he owned a jewelry store on Baker Street which employed 13 people. In local newspaper accounts he was remembered not only for his artistic creations, but for his good acts as well. Patenaude was a devout Catholic and a contributor to many charities. In 1947 Pope Pius XII personally honored him in recognition of his altruism. Toward the end of WWI Patenaude invested in an inexpensive way of refining silver ore. A patent infringment suit followed, and after a long delay made its way to Canada's highest court. Patenaude and his fellow investors lost the judgment, and he was forced to sell most of his operations in 1930, remaining in business only as an optician. After these difficulties he became interested in improving the condition of Canadian mining through the free coinage of silver (Gingras 1959, 1965, 1982). In 1935 Patenaude optained a thousand Canadian silver dollars and stamped them in the center of the voyager's canoe with his 'JOP' hallmark, giving them out in change at his optometry business. The usual explanation for these coins is that by countermarking them he attempted to show the extensive circulation of silver dollars, and by so doing encourage the government to coin more of them. But this may have just been an inexpensive form of local advertising. Patenaude continued counterstamping dollars until 1949, but seems to have stopped when he sold his business (Gingras 1982). Two varieties exist, this "J.O.P." bar-punch in oval with relief letters, and 'JOP' incuse. This specimen is struck just below the canoe, slightly double struck, and a bit angled, on a 1935 Canadian silver dollar. Only 25 total recorded specimens, but not listed by variety. Highly sought by Canadian collectors. Another Canadian hallmark with a similar advertising purpose is by Nicholas Ohman (see lot 664).


X-REF: Canada: General Music/Piano/Composer/Organ Wagons/Buggies/Carriages Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant * Image-1 * --

666. Kingston: Robinson's Carriage Works. George W. Robinson sold carriages, pianos and organs. "Robinson's/Kingston/Carriage Works" Bold VF c/m; on Fine 1884 Canada cent.

Brunk Plate, right; Plate, Canadian Numismatic Journal Brunk article, Aug. 1988; plate, CNJ, June 1998.


X-REF: Canada: General Music/Piano/Composer/Organ Wagons/Buggies/Carriages Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant

667. Kingston: Robinson's Carriage Works. As above, VF c/m; on Fine 1884 Canada Cent.

Brunk 1987 catalog $90/VF.


X-REF: Canada: General Soda/Soda Fountain/Soda Water Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant

668. "Squirt". Probably an early adverstisement for the Canadian soft drink Squirt. Bold XF c/m; on nice VG 1916 Canada Cent.

Brunk Plate; catalogs $45; plate, Canadian Numismatic Journal, June 1998.


X-REF: Canada: General Masonic: World Chapter Pennies Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant

669. Halifax: St. Andrews Chapter - Masonic. Issued by the St Andrews Masonic Lodge before striking their own mark pennies. "St. Andrews/Chapter." VG-VF c/m, center weak; on nice VG 1856 Nova Scotia Penny.

Ex-TMC, Dec 1980, lot 13. Photo, Brunk, Canadian Numismatic Journal article, May 1998. Worth $40-50.


X-REF: Canada: General Masonic: World Chapter Pennies Countermarked Coins: Canada Merchant

670. Halifax: St. Andrews Chapter. As above, VG-F c/m, center letters weak; on nice VG 1856 Nova Scotia Penny.

Brunk Plate, p.165. Worth $35-50. Plate, Canadian Numismatic Journal, June, 1998.


X-REF: Ceylon Plantation Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

671. Ceylon: George Steuart and Company. Founded in 1835 by James Steuart, this c/m coin was probably used on their Wekande Mills plantation. "G S & Co." OBV & REV F-VF, obv double struck c/m; on VG English half farthing.

Brunk Plate, lower left. Also see Lot 2616. Brunk estimates $40-60.


X-REF: Denmark Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

672. Denmark-Copenhagen: "Allan Dahl". Allan Aly Hendrik Dahl was born in 1826 and died in 1896. His firm was called the 'Bureau for Permanent Advertisement' and was located at 26 Trollesgade. Bold XF c/m; on Swedish 1875 5 ore, VG.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: Denmark Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

673. Denmark-Copenhagen: "Allan Dahl". As above, XF-VG c/m, right side weaker; on nice VG 1881 Swedish 5 ore.


X-REF: Denmark Beer/Bier/Beverage/Brewery Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

674. Denmark-Copenhagen: Svendborg Brewery. "Svendborg/Bryghus" was a brewery, which produced this beer. See Update for one of their ads. Bold XF c/m; on Good 1873 Swedish 5 ore.

Color Cover Photo. Brunk estimates $40-60.


X-REF: Denmark Hotel/Motel Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

675. Denmark-Copenhagen: Hotel Faxe. "Larsbjornstraede 11/Hotel/Faxe/Kbhvn" Mostly bold XF-G c/m, right side of first word quite weak, c/m; on VG 1884 Swedish 5 ore.


X-REF: Denmark Hotel/Motel Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

676. Denmark-Copenhagen: "Hotel/Mollberg/Kobhvn". The Mollberg Hotel was located at 9 St. Kongensgade. Bold XF c/m; on VG Swedish 1875 5 ore.

Brunk Plate. Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: El Salvador Countermarked Coins: Govermental Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

677. El Salvador: National Shield. Shield of El Salvador, in beaded circle, Fine c/m (KM Type III-A); on Bolivia 1 real "cob" (KM-42), toned AG.

$40.00-50.00+


X-REF: El Salvador Mexico Countermarked Coins: Govermental Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

678. El Salvador: National Shield. Similar to above, KM Type III-A Fine c/m; on Mexico Charles and Johanna real (1536-1572), KM-50, toned VG/F, pierced. This c/m, applied after 1839, establishes an active circulating life of some 300 years! Neat! Nice.

$100.00-125.00+

With old collection envelope.


X-REF: France Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

679. France: Amedee Kohler. Chocolate manufacturer, including Nestle. "Chocolat/A. * Kohler *" Bold VF/XF; on AG 1911 French 10c.

Brunk Plate. Ex-Koppenhaver, June 1978, lot 160. Brunk estimates $40-60.


X-REF: France Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

680. France: Amedee Kohler & Sons. "Chocolat/A. Kohler/& Fils". Bold XF, right sided weaker, c/m; on AG French 10c.

Brunk Plate, FULL-PAGE Plate, p. 83. Brunk estimates $40-60.


X-REF: France Wine/Whiskey/Spirts other than beer Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

681. France-Poitiers: Picotin Aperitif. The incomplete "P" variety. "Le/Picotin/Aperitif" Deep BOLD XF c/m; on Good 1866 Italy 10c.

Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: France Wine/Whiskey/Spirts other than beer Greece Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

682. France-Poitiers: Picotin Aperitif. Same c/m as above, deep/bold XF c/m; on VG 1878 Greek 10 lepta. Only known specimen on Greek coin. Very Rare coin type for c/m.

Brunk Plate, Over-sized PLATE, p. 111. Brunk estimates $60-90.


X-REF: France Satirical/Humorous Political: Non-US Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

683. France: Battle of Sedan. These c/m satirize of the defeat of the French army by the Prussians at Sedan, a small town near the border with Belgium. It was the crucial battle in the 1870-71 Franco-Prussian War, and became a rallying cry for the French anti-monarchists. Emperor Napeoleon III gave the order to hoist a white flag at Sedan, formally surrendered to the Prussians the next day, and was sent into exile in Germany. The battle was commemorated by many countermarks, engraved coins and satirical tokens that copied French 10 centimes. All of the following pieces are the variety without an accent mark over "E". "SEDAN" VF c/m; on AG 1853 French 10c.

See lot 2784 for a medal of the Prussian Siege of Paris, and lot 687 for a print of the French surrender.


X-REF: France Satirical/Humorous Political: Non-US Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

684. France: "Sedan". As above, F/VF c/m; on worn date 186? silver France 50c.


X-REF: France Satirical/Humorous Political: Non-US Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

685. France: "Sedan". As above, VF c/m; on AG/G 1866 French franc.


X-REF: France Satirical/Humorous Political: Non-US Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

686. France: "Sedan". As above, VF c/m; on Good 1867 French 2 Franc.

Color Cover Photo. Brunk estimates $50-75+.


X-REF: Napoleon France Germany Kings/Queens of FRANCE Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada Military: Other Non-US Wars Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

687. Battle of Sedan Print. Contemporary German print by Camphausen, "Napoleon III and Bismarck on the Morning after the Battle of Sedan", both seated on chairs outside a building, with carriage and soldiers in background. Top and right ornamental margins cut off, not affecting the body. Folded as if a magazine supplement; nothing on reverse. About 16x12", rev taped to prevent splitting at fold, now rolled in tube.

Will be plated in the next edition of Brunk.


X-REF: France Satirical/Humorous Political: Non-US Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

688. France: Royalist Fleur-de-lys. F/VF c/m on neck of Napoleon III; on VG 1864 French 10c. Unusual pro-monarch political c/m.

Brunk estimates $30-50+.


X-REF: Germany Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

689. Germany-Wismar: "K". Deep/bold c/m; on 1840 3 pfenning of the state of Wismar, 'N' of MONETA on coin is retrograde, NICE XF coin! Unknown merchant c/m and a rare German issue.

No auction records. Brunk estimates $50+.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

690. GB: Bedford, Bedfordshire: "Abbey" "Cutler". Bold VF c/m; on slick AG cartwheel Penny.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

691. GB-London: "Borwick's/Baking/Powder". Became part of Pillsbury Flour. Bold VF/XF c/m; on Good 1855 French 10c.

Brunk Plate, right.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

692. GB: "Bradford/Workhouse". F/VF BAR-PUNCH c/m, minor light scratches on c/m; on 1812 Good Union Copper Co Penny, 7 small punch marks.

Brunk catalogs $20.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

693. GB-Bister: "Carthew/Bister". A cutler, in Oxfordshire. VF c/m; on slick AG cartwheel penny. One of 2 known.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

694. GB: "Chelmsford". Bold VF c/m; on Geo II half penny, worn AG. Only known specimen. C/m not often seen on Geo II coins.

Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

695. GB: Dix Lamp Maker. George Dix manufactured gas lamps. "Dix/Gas/Lamp Maker/Clerkenwell" VF c/m; on AG/G 1856 French 5c.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

696. GB-London: Samuel Drabble. A cutler from 1834 to 1881. "S. Drabble/1 High St/Marylebone/Cutler" VF c/m; on slick AG cartwheel penny.

Brunk Plate. Color Cover Photo. Brunk estimates $35-50+.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Theater/Drama/Vaudeville/Opera/Minstrel Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

697. GB-London: Empire Theatre. First opened in 1884, it was never an 'immense success' and soon converted to a music hall in 1887. "Empire/Immense/Success/Theatre" Bold/strong XF c/m; on French Good 1853 10c. Choice.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

698. GB: "G B". BAR-PUNCH, rounded edges, F/VF c/m; on worn AG Geo II Irish halfpenny, an unusual host coin! Only known specimen.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

699. GB-Bristol: Benjamin Hall. Hall was in business from 1795 to 1839, at 2 Barr's St, Gloucestershire. Elaborate adverstising c/m "Hall/Glazier &/Glass. Bender/Bristol" XF-VF, right side weaker; on AG 1797 penny, some cut marks. One of 2 known. Rare.

Brunk Plate. Ex-Maurice Gould, Sol Taylor Feb, 1977, lot 5.119. Brunk estimates $75-125+.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

700. GB-Manchester: T. Hewitt. "T. Hewitt/Manchester" OBV, REV: "Manchester" Some letters weak VG-XF; on 1799 slick AG halfpenny. Only known specimen.

Brunk World C/M: Plate, p.75, obv/rev.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Clasped Hands/Handshake Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

701. GB: Keighley Poor House. OBV: curved: "JM/Keighley" bold VF-XF, with clasped hands center; REV: "Keighley" straight line, weak/partial; on 1812 Fine Union Copper penny. "JM" may be the initials of an overseer.

$25.00-40.00+

Brunk Plate, p.323. obv. Ex-Maurice Gould, Sol Taylor Feb 1977, lot 5.120.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Newspaper/Publishing Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

702. GB-London: Lloyd's Penny Sunday Times. See long writeup in Brunk. "Read Lloyd's Penny Sunday Times" around, Bold VF c/m; on slick AG cartwheel, punch mark obv.

Brunk Plate; Brunk Plate in "World Countermarks on Medieval and Modern Coins".


X-REF: England-Great Britain Newspaper/Publishing Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

703. GB: Lloyd's. As above, VF c/m; on AG cartwheel.

Brunk Plate, p. 91, upper left.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Newspaper/Publishing Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

704. GB: Lloyd's. As above, bold VF c/m; on slick cartwheel.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Newspaper/Publishing Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

705. GB: Lloyd's. As above, B-52840 (3d. var). OBV & REV F-VF c/m; on AG 1806/7 halfpenny.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Newspaper/Publishing Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

706. GB: Lloyd's. As above, B-52840. F/VF c/m; on slick AG halfpenny, dings, scratches around edge, dings.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

707. GB: J. Millington". Double struck obv F-XF, also on rev XF; on AG/G 1797 cartwheel twopence, rim dings. Only known specimen.

Brunk estimates $30-50+.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

708. GB: "R. Moody/Whittington". A bit of research should identify this issuer from this town in Derbyshire. Bold VF/XF c/m; on AG Geo III Irish halfpenny. One of 2 known.

Color Cover Photo. Brunk estimates $50-75+.


X-REF: Love Tokens: Initials England-Great Britain Early American Tokens 1700-1832 Hand-Engraved Tokens Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

709. GB: Jon. Morley. "Jon. Morley/Brick Layer" ornately engraved on rev of slick AG William III halfpenny (1694-1702), holed at bottom. A rare host coin!

While Scott also listed such engraved merchant pieces, this one was unknown to him. Engraved pieces were used as advertising before c/ms became common (see Brunk, World, p.15). Brunk estimates $100-150+.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Patent Office/Patents Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

710. GB: "Patent". Partially weak, last letter missing, G-VG c/m; on Good 1819 shilling. Only known specimen on shilling.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Soap Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

711. GB-London: "Pears'/Soap". See writeup and large ad in Brunk. This is the "no period" variety. Bold VF c/m; on AG 1853? French 10c.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Soap Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

712. GB: "Pears'/Soap". As above, Bold VF c/m; on nice VG 1855 French 10c.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Soap Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

713. GB: "Pears'/Soap". As above, Bold VF/XF c/m; on Good 1854 French 10c.


X-REF: Soap Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada England-Great Britain

714. "Pears'/Soap" Lot of 2. About VF/XF c/m; on AG 1854, 1856 French 10c. 2pcs.


X-REF: Soap Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada England-Great Britain

715. Pears Soap TIN. Rectangular tin, full color print on top of small boy in period clothes, blowing soap bubbles, "Pears Soap" above, about 3.5x5", XF+, modern.


X-REF: Soap Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada England-Great Britain

716. Pears' Soap Advertisment. Framed reproduction of 1880's ad showing small girl with trumpet sitting at a table, under glass, wood framed, 9x11.5", AU.

$20.00-40.00+


X-REF: England-Great Britain Horses/ Horse Racing Newspaper/Publishing Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

717. GB-London: "Racing/Opinion/1D". A horse racing enthusiasts newspaper published 1881-1922. Bold VF/XF c/m; on AG 1857 French 10c.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Tool Maker/Metal Worker Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

718. GB: "Robinson/Razor/Maker/Oxford". James Robinson was listed as a cutler at 46 Corn Market from 1830 until 1847. Bold VF-XF c/m; on AG cartwheel penny. Probably the finest known.

Brunk Plate. Color Cover Photo. Brunk estimates $50-75+.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Political: Medals/Tokens: Pre-1901 Satirical/Humorous Socialist/Socialism Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

719. GB-London: Thomas Spence. The famous activist, known as 'the world's first Socialist', who was imprisoned in Newgate Prison for his political aggitation. Part of it consisted of stamping political slogans, such as this: "Land/And/Liberty". Bold VF c/m; on AG 177? evasive imitation copper. Rare.

Brunk Plate, lower left.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Coal Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

720. GB: "Tilley's/Coals/Brighton". W. Tilley and Son were coal merchants. Bold XF c/m; on VG 1853 French 10c.

Ex-World Exonumia sale 5/30/78, lot 2099. Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

721. GB: "G. Titus". Large very bold XF c/m; on VG/F 1831 Penny, holed. Only known specimen.

Color Cover Photo.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Countermarked Coins: Govermental Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

722. GB: "Yelloley's Pottery/5/-/Ouseburn." Robert Yelloley was a potter in Newcastle in 1801. Bold XF c/m; on blank planchet. Struck from a die intended to be used on Spanish Eight Reales ca. 1800, but no original examples are known today on silver coins (see Brunk, World, p.140). Most c/m on Eight Reales were used in Scotland, but this is a rare English monetary c/m.

Brunk World C/M Plate, p.331. Brunk estimates $300-500+.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Coin Weights Lions Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

723. GB: Lion. BAR-PUNCH of lion, facing left, tail over back (possibly a dog?). Small VF punch in rectangle; on 1/2 guinea coin weight, worn AG, 18th century. Unusual!


X-REF: England-Great Britain Coin Weights Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

724. GB: Laver Pot. Small punch, for use by Founders Company of London, who hold the royal charter to test weights. VF c/m; on VF 1882 Geo III 2.16 dwt coin weight. Dieudonne Pl. VIII #7.


X-REF: Sports Medals & Badges Ireland/Celtic Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada England-Great Britain

725. (GB-Ireland) "Won At/Cork Town Rink" Award Medal. Interesting Skating award medal, with star & design, all hand punched, on planed off rev of English half-dollar sized copper coin (probably a penny of George III or William IV), two tiny top holes for suspension. About VF.

$30.00-40.00+


X-REF: England-Great Britain Ireland/Celtic Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

726. GB-Northern Ireland: Ulster Volunteer Force Lot of 29. Interesting study lot of 29 pieces, "UVF" and other similar c/m, various punches. On various Irish coins, ca. 1960-70.

A rare opportunity to acquire pieces from this hoard, of coins circulating in Ulster ca. 1970. Documented in "Odium Numismaticum", Spink's Numismatic Circular, 1974: 58-60, 381-383. Brunk estimates $75-100+.


X-REF: England-Great Britain Wales Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

727. GB: WALES-Swansea: "J. Cock/Swansea" - "Grocer". OBV & REV bold XF c/m, "Grocer" on rev; on 1797 cartwheel penny, slick AG. Only merchant c/m from Wales! Only known specimen of this variety, one of three known.

Ex-Koppenhaver, May 1986, lot 393. Brunk estimates $50-75.


X-REF: Greece Turkey Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

728. Greece: "A". Ornate, double outline "A". Kasaviti "A". Partially weak to VF c/m; on Ottoman Empire 10 para, AG. This and the following c/ms were issued by Greek communities in lands controlled by the Ottoman Turks. Brunk 8000.

Brunk estimates $30-40+.


X-REF: Greece Turkey Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

729. Greece: "A". As above, Kasaviti "A" c/m. Bold VF c/m; on VG 1255 AH Ottoman Empire 20 para. Brunk 8000.


X-REF: Greece Turkey Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

730. Greece: "A + M". BAR-PUNCH, thin letters. VF c/m; on AG Ottoman Empire 5 para. Brunk 80100.

Brunk estimates $35-50+.


X-REF: Guatemala Hacienda Latin American Tokens (By Rulau) Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

731. Guatemala: "Sachal". Rulau Gma-303, p.220. An issue of a German immigrant to Guatemala, probably a hacienda token. VF c/m; on VF 1898 German pfennig, green corrosion on side. One of 4 known.


X-REF: Guatemala Hacienda Latin American Tokens (By Rulau) Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

732. Guatemala: "Saxoc". Rulau Gma-320, p.221. Issued by C. Trawitz for the Finca Saxoc-Hainstadt. Same style as Sachal. VF c/m; on XF 1897 German pfennig. One of 2 known on pfennig, one of 4 total.


X-REF: Guatemala Countermarked Coins: Govermental Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

733. Guatemala: 1/2 Real DIE. Obv and rev DIE of 1894 1/2 real, VF; on silver peso, XF 1888, KM-224.

$25.00-30.00+


X-REF: Portugal India Countermarked Coins: Govermental Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

734. India: Portuguese Colony of Goa. Lot of 3: "PR/809" G/VG c/m, on 1/2 Tanga and Tanga, both AG; "15" Fine c/m; on 15 reis, AG. Goa is 250m. south of Bombay, and was the capital of Portuguese India. 3pcs.

$30.00-40.00+


X-REF: India Countermarked Coins: Govermental Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

735. India: Large Lot of Copper DUMPS. Interesting study lot of 17 early India dump countermarks. All the c/m coins from a hoard of dumps obtained by Brunk in the early 1970s. Various c/m, on various coins, all AG-VG.

$100.00-125.00+

Some illustrated in Brunk, 1976: 354.


X-REF: Italy Countermarked Coins: Govermental Countermarked Coins: Medieval Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

736. Italy: Byzantine Empire: Heraclius 610 AD. Follis, Sicily. Facing bust and monogram c/m, on Follis of Justinian I. S-882, Do-241, BMC-370. Ca. 610-641 AD. VG-VF c/m; on VG coin, good patina. Type c/m of Brunk World c/m p.346, #13.

$55.00-65.00+


X-REF: Italy Countermarked Coins: Govermental Countermarked Coins: Medieval Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

737. Italy: Byzantine Empire: Heraclius 610 AD. Follis, Sicily. Two facing busts c/m, on Follis of Heraclius. S-883, Do-242, BMC-384. VF c/m; on Good coin, rough flan.

$55.00-65.00+


X-REF: Italy Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

738. Italy-Rome: Remus and the Wolf. Interesting c/m of Romulus, Remus and the wolf, small punch c/m, facing right. VF c/m; on 1 lira token, rev blank.


X-REF: Italy Countermarked Coins: Govermental Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

739. Italian States: Parma. Token coinage of 1636-37, AE Soldo, Duke Eduard Farnese, Saint Hilarius, seated; rev crowned arms. Cross on Church Tower Fine c/m, lower portion weak; on VG/F token. Soldo is Eklund 1008 (Unlisted in KM), c/m unlisted. Very Rare.

$250.00-300.00+


X-REF: Mexico Hacienda Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

740. Mexico: "A M". BAR-PUNCH c/m, in serrated rectangle. "M" weak, otherwise about VF c/m; on cast copy of a federal 1/4 real, AG. One of 3 known. Hacienda Token; Rulau Chh-90, p.27.

Brunk Plate, top of p. 146.


X-REF: Mexico Hacienda Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

741. Mexico: "C H" & Bush. BAR-PUNCH of "C H", surrounded by dots, each connected by thin lines. On rev, a BAR-PUNCH bush or flower. Both about F/VF, on unknown copper coin, slick AG. Only known specimen.

Unlisted in Rulau.


X-REF: Mexico Hacienda Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

742. Mexico: "D. D". BAR-PUNCH, crude c/m, in rectangle, VF c/m; on AG silver 177? 1/2 real, holed. Only known specimen.


X-REF: Mexico Political: Medals/Tokens: Pre-1901 Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

743. Mexico: "Este/Pais/Chupa". Individual letter punch, VF-XF c/m; on VF 1970 1 peso. A political c/m?


X-REF: Mexico Hacienda Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

744. Mexico: "M S". In wreath, in rectangular depression, BAR-PUNCH. About VF; on AG 1865 1/4 real (scarce date!). Hacienda token; Rulau Chh-98, p.28.

Rulau values at $25/VF.


X-REF: Mexico Hacienda Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

745. Mexico: "P R". BAR-PUNCH, large, partially connected letters, end of "R" in circle. Worn G/VG c/m; on slick unknown copper coin. Hacienda token. Only known specimen.


X-REF: Mexico Guatemala Hacienda Latin American Tokens (By Rulau) Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

746. Mexico: "Piedad/1871". Rulau Mic-74, p.55. Assigned to Guatemala by Ulex in 1908; Rulau assigns to Michoacan state. VF c/m; on worn 1/4 real.

Brunk Plate.


X-REF: Mexico Hacienda Latin American Tokens (By Rulau) Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

747. Mexico-Zacatecas: "Sauces." Rulau Zac-50, p.84. Token of the Willows (sauces) Hacienda. Struck twice, ends touching. This interesting c/m is a hacienda brand, which is also known on a 1812 Eight Reales. BAR-PUNCH, VF c/m; on Good 1859 Zacatecas 1/4 real.

Brunk Plate; Rulau Plate (p. 84, Latin American Tokens); Rulau values at $40/Fine.


X-REF: Mexico Hacienda Latin American Tokens (By Rulau) Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

748. Mexico: "Sauces". Rulau Zac-50, p.84. As above, but 1852, VG c/m; on AG coin.


X-REF: Mexico Hacienda Latin American Tokens (By Rulau) Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

749. Mexico: "Tula". Rulau Zac-55, p.84. In Tamaulipas. Bold VF c/m; on Zacatecas 1/4 real, 1852, Good.

$50.00-60.00+


X-REF: Mexico Hacienda Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

750. Mexico: "1/8" Local Govermental C/M. BAR-PUNCH of 1/8, in oval stamp, with ornaments to either side. A denominational c/m by some village. VF c/m; on AG/G 1862 Jalisco 1/8 real. Only known specimen.

Brunk Plate, lower right of right column, p. 146; TAMS 1978:148, Brunk article. Unlisted in Rulau. Brunk estimates $50-75+.


X-REF: Mexico Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada Chopmarked Coins

751. Choice Lot of 6 Chopmarked Mexican 8 Reales, ca. 1880. Interesting lot of 6, 1877-1886, each with multiple chopmarks, most all on one side. Two with 4-5 marks (one 1886 in choice XF/AU), rest with 10-20+ marks, some overlapping. Includes Chinese marks, relief-bar-stamp marks, "8", English letters (SW or MS?), etc. Wonderful study lot of 6pcs, about VG-XF.

$300.00-400.00+


X-REF: Iran/Islamic Countermarked Coins: Govermental Saudi Arabia Lebanon Syria Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

752. Muscat & Oman: "S S". BAR-PUNCH c/m of "S S" in Arabic, VF; on 1/4 anna, ND (AH1311-18 KM-8.1), unlisted on a local issue 1/4 anna, Fine. "S S" represents Sultan Said bin Taimur.

$75.00-85.00+


X-REF: Nicaragua Hacienda Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

753. Nicaragua: "L f". Unlisted hacienda token (see Rulau Latin American Tokens). Bold VF c/m; on F/VF 1899 5c.

$15.00-30.00+


X-REF: Nicaragua Latin American Tokens (By Rulau) Hacienda Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

754. Nicaragua: "R G L". Hacienda token, Rulau Nic-10 (P. 233, Latin American Tokens). VF c/m; on VF 1899 5c. Catalogs $45.

$35.00-40.00+


X-REF: Greece Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

755. Ottoman Empire: "T E A". Issue of Telonia on Island of Lesbos. BAR-PUNCH, last letter is Greek Lambda. Nice bold XF c/m; on 1277AH 40 para. Brunk 80460.

Brunk Plate. Brunk estimates $40-60+.


X-REF: Turkey Countermarked Coins: Govermental Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

756. Ottoman Empire: Tripoli, Syria. Arabic Atrablus (Tripoli) c/m, nice VF, TRK 01/01; on 20 para, AH 1255, Regal Yr 17, VG. Today the town of Atrablus is called Trablus esh-Sahm, in Lebanon.

$75.00-100.00+


X-REF: Turkey Transportation Tokens - World Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

757. Ottoman Empire: Dardanelles FERRY TOKEN. Arabic letter "B" c/m, for the town of Delediyesi. MacKenzie and Lachman suggest the c/m coins were tokens for the ferries that crossed the Straights. Fine c/m, TRK 02/01, DeMay-1020, rare; on 20 para, AH 1277, VG.

$50.00-65.00+


X-REF: Saudi Arabia Countermarked Coins: Govermental Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

758. Saudi Arabia: "65". Lot of 2: Arabic "65" VF c/m; on 1/2 Ghirsh, AH 1344, VF and Hejaz 40 para, VF.

$25.00-30.00+

Brunk plate 1976: 366.


X-REF: Scotland Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

759. Scotland: Deanston: "Adelphi/Cotton Work". "Adelphi" is Greek for "brothers", and refers to the four Buchanan brothers of Carston. The mill was constructed in 1785. G/VG c/m; on AG copper, halfpenny. This stamp was intended for use on Spanish Eight Reales, and perhaps copper coins, but was never used by the Mill during the 1780's because it went bankrupt and was sold in 1794. Struck later from rusty, unused dies. See Brunk World C/m.

Brunk estimates $75-125+.


X-REF: Scotland Countermarked Coins: Govermental Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

760. Scotland-Fintry: Culcreuch Mill - Thomas White. Founded in 1795, employing 250 people, Stirlingshire. See Brunk plate and info. "Payable at Culcreuch Mill"/"Thos./Whyte" Center VF, letters around G-VF, partially weak; on Fine 1797 Edinburgh halfpenny. This is a rare c/m in the Scottish monetary series. The ring of the c/m was intended for Spanish Eight Reales to stabilize their value at five shillings. Some c/ms were also on halfpennies and halfpenny tokens, like this one, by Thomas White, who was a cotton merchant associated with the Culgreuch Mill. Only 3 known on halfpenny tokens. RARE. Another scarce first and last name c/m.

Brunk estimates $200+.


X-REF: South Africa Hand-Engraved Tokens Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada

761. South Africa. "Frank A. Baird./From/Maj./W.C. Good/1902", all neatly hand engraved; on VF 1895 2.5 shilling.


X-REF: West Indies Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

762. West Indies: Tortola: "Tirtila". Private merchant issue struck ca. 1805-1824, after official c/m coins were withdrawn in 1805. BAR-PUNCH c/m, bold F/VF c/m; on 1/2 segment of AG Spanish-American 2 reales. Valued at 9 pence, 1 bit. CR-13. See Pridmore p.125-6.

$450.00-500.00+

These 3 Tirtila c/m all from the Jan. 1956 list of Emergency and C/m Coins, B.A. Seaby, London.


X-REF: West Indies Countermarked Coins: Non-US/Canada * Image-1 * --

763. West Indies: "Tirtila". As above, bar-punch, bold VF c/m; on 1/4 segment of Good Spanish-American 8 reales. Valued at 2 shillings. CR-19.

$400.00-450.00+

Color Cover Photo.


Rich Hartzog Since 1972 in Rockford - HOME

World Exonumia - AAA Historical Americana

POB 4143CND - Rockford IL 61110-0643

(815)226-0771 hartzog@exonumia.com

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